Your lesson plan needs to show clearly those transitions. Rather than letting the content take control of the lesson, ensure that the lesson is in control of the content. EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING Presented by Vicki Duff Mentor Training Coordinator Department of Education 609-292-0189 victoria.duff@doe.state.nj.us 2. • How are they supposed to use such prior knowledge to learn this lesson? And we try our best to cover the syllabus and reach the necessary progress in delivering our lessons. An effective lesson plan also allots such time where precious opportunities for students arise to learn and achieve their personal growth. Assumptions: this is also called presumed student knowledge or previous knowledge. 7. Visual Learner. Do they share any of these characteristics? In this case, the target language (grammar) will be the main aim while the language skill (speaking) will be the secondary aim of the lesson. -the time allotted to your activities, Writing the lesson plan … So, it’s not always using the whiteboard, the textbook, teacher’s handouts, asking the same questions and interacting with the same students. And we try to do our best in the class to adjust our practices accordingly. This type of reflection is invaluable in helping you develop as an educator. It comes out spontaneously as you go through teaching. Ask questions Is a systematic and process document based on scientific preparation. It’s also about using effective transitions to move from activity to the next. The teacher is strongly advises, at least in the early stages, to … The lesson has clearly marked parts; it is not a mere collection of unconnected facts but an... (2) Unity of Idea. If you plan your lesson carefully, you’re already off on the right foot in achieving a great lesson. in the lesson are key to its success. Our role as educators is no more about disseminating information, but it is about cultivating students’ minds to be able to act more independently and self-regulate their learning. Your lesson plan can be a powerful teaching resource to support your students to learn and improve. • What will I do to introduce this topic? Yet, let me tell you in practice things look different! To meet students’ needs and interests and help them learn, teachers’ flexibility is required. Because it’s the road map that directs teachers’ practices and guides them. Yuck! Remember, start with what you want students to learn and then plan … But, what is more challenging and tough is maintaining their attention and engagement throughout its stages. Planning a great lesson takes time and effort. Some lessons may require more than one aim. So, instead of placing more emphasis on content, we should provide opportunities for students to connect what they already know (from their everyday life and previous lessons) with new learning and help clear up their misconception. It should be a document that a teacher can work from in the lesson, so it should be neat, clear, well-organized with clear and appropriate as well as achievable aims. You’ll know how to shift students from one task to the next without distracting their attention or making them feel uncomfortable (for those who address unrelated questions). This aspect of the lesson plan deals with what students have already covered in previous lessons or courses and so should be familiar with. Those moments we need to devote to students to think, interact, act, speak up their minds and also have some fun and enjoy learning together. Shifting students from one task to the next more efficiently is a common issue among teachers. Planning is an integral part of the teaching process. To be part of our routine, these transitions are to be taught to our students through explicit explanations, clear models, rehearsal, and review. So, on the basis of what you know about your students, you can offer variety within tasks or a variety of tasks. So, planning for your transitions can make you more intentional about them ( you know which transitions work best in your context) and flexible (not always opting for the same). So, a good lesson plan, prevent over- reliance on textbooks. 13. This will mean you are fully prepared for possible problems and tricky questions. It is Simple: A goods plan must be simple and comprehensive. Have ever thought about them when planning for our lessons? The meaning is what the sentence means in the particular context, while the pronunciation has to do with anticipating every point of confusion students might face in trying to say the structure in the most natural way. Length of the Lesson: a good lesson must have a clearly stated time span. Anticipated difficulties and Solutions: it is necessary that you anticipate some difficulties that students might face with the activities or the target language and be ready with solutions. Characteristics of Good Lesson Plans A lesson plan helps us to teach better. Introduction: This is the most important step because it “hooks” the student’s attention and sets the stage for the rest of the lesson. When the plan is simple, all employees of the organisation can know its significance and it can be easily put into operation, which leads to achieve objective. 6. 1. An effective lesson plan may reflect a number of teaching characteristics – delivery of teaching and learning strategies, behaviour management and the classroom environment. Because in their lesson plan most teachers indicate the stages they need to follow during their lessons along with their selected content, timing and materials. “A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction or "learning trajectory" for a lesson. Generally speaking the following are the characteristics of a good lesson plan: It should be written: A lesson plan preferable be written and should not remain at the oral or mental stage. This is because you’ve already planned how to correct them and provide practice to help them use accurate knowledge. Those who require more thinking time and prefer to work individually could prepare their answers to comprehension questions, etc. So, use it as a reflective tool to foster their learning. 1. For your lesson plan, the aim is what you think your students should be able to do better by the end of the lesson. Other characteristics (for example concerning differentiation) will be discussed in Instead of, "Today we'll cover the causes of the Civil War," try reframing it so that the lesson seems a little more engaging. Achieving coherence and flow does not only mean ensuring that the sequence of activities is logical and progresses from a basic level to a more complex skill level. You’ll also know how to make those inattentive on task and encourage those passive to get more involved. However, teaching should be flexible; students must have an influence on what you teach and how you teach it. Most of the time, what goes on the board is language analysis: meaning, form and pronunciation. Most of all, your students will benefit from your preparation. I need more of this in my classroom. The Term "Lesson Plan" is conveyed in a different way by different people. Apart from the lesson’s aim(s), it is sometimes necessary to include some personal or methodological aims, especially, if you’re just starting out as a teacher. Treats students with respect and caring. Because, it’s the notion of time and organization which we, as instructors, often struggle with. It also entails varying the way you provide your instruction. You can make it better... 2. So many teachers forget to … A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class learning” (Wikipedia). Indeed, planning for those moments helps you know when you should stop talking and give opportunities for students to speak and express themselves. Thus, giving them more time to focus and teacher. If you want to learn more about the process of lesson planning you can check out this post: Effective Lesson Planning: Procedures and Tips. When planning for lessons, most of us focus tremendous effort on the content we will teach. The procedure is a description of how something will be done. Finally, to allow for more flexibility, your lesson plan should also provide extra options or alternatives tasks in case the unexpected happens. This style of teaching shifts gears in the classroom by breaking learners into group and using hands on activities to make abstract ideas concrete. Before making any decision about your content, think about the following questions : So, we overestimate students ’ prior knowledge and thus build new knowledge on a shaky foundation. 1) Variety within tasks: Students work on the same task, but they respond in different ways, depending on their needs and interests. 20 Observable Characteristics Of Effective Teaching Begins class promptly and in a well-organized way. 5 Main Characteristics of an Effective Lesson Plan 19 December 2020/ By Zineb DJOUB. Still, they work on the same concepts and ideas. • How will I check their prior knowledge? These are all reflected in Appendix One – Lesson Plan. A major teachers’ task is to grab their students’ attention from the start of the lesson. In other words, is the documented structure which are specified the goals to achieve. The following lines outline some of the vital qualities of an effective lesson plan. It’s true that our lesson plan guides us. Knowing this, we often make assumptions that they can learn what we teach by connecting their prior knowledge with new knowledge. So, any attempt to refine it is worthwhile regardless of your teaching experience and/goal. are examples of what the teacher set to achieve personally in the lesson. 5 Main Characteristics of an Effective Lesson Plan, 3  Strategies to Harness The Power Of Prior Knowledge. 2) A variety of tasks: Students work on different tasks. But, most importantly, we plan to get more organized and make effective use of our time. Essentials of a Good Lesson Plan. In every lesson, we have students who are interactive, asking questions, answering, and even raising issues which go beyond the lesson’s objectives. But, how about ‘time for student involvement? The lesson plan should not be considered as an end in itself. During the lesson, ask your pupils to write any questions or ideas you want them to take away on stickers and as they leave, take the stickers with them ; Standing at the door at the end of a lesson and asking each pupil to relate something they learned and how it corresponds to one of the lesson objectives before bidding them goodbye. After the lesson, take a few minutes to consider what worked and what didn't. In addition to the common characteristics, each content area below has developed a set of content specific characteristics that demonstrate highly effective teaching and learning. Students who performed well on a previous drama activity may turn this text into a role play. The first step is to plan your lesson from the student’s point of view. -The type of activities you selected, It tells us what should be done, how and when in a lesson. It is important to have your lesson planned out. You can reflect on : Image Source: messiahhistory.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/history-book.jpg If conducted properly, observations can be a means of assessing teaching and learning and also as a way of developing teachers’ skills and knowledge. 2. This part of the plan is often done in a tabular form on a different sheet of paper. Example quoted to teach and explain the subject matter should be related to the everyday life of the child. Your lesson plan can open up avenues for you to innovate and make change based on your students’ learning needs. Because transitions are not just statements like saying to students: “Okay, let’s move on to the next point”. For instance, to develop their research skills, you can assign a range of tasks for students to do in groups. You may think that using transitions does not require planning. Provides the significance/importance of information to be learned. What are the Characteristics of a Good Lesson-Plan? A lesson plan is a clear working document for the teacher. When you plan for your transitions, you’ll make them more purposeful. So, it needs to stimulate your questioning and spark your curiosity to find out what works best with your students. All of my great lessons allow students to create, play, and demonstrate. Many of the elements of a great lesson plan are innately tied to each other and key to its sequence. Lesson-plan should be child-centred. But, they often don’t plan for the transitions that have a huge impact on classroom management. LESSON PLAN by David Barona 1. You might decide to start with a revision of previous content because it’s relative to the learning requirements of your lesson. The aim refers to the aim of that specific stage of the lesson; almost everything that a teacher says or does in a lesson is said or done for a reason. But, rather as the starting point for teachers to reflect and streamline. All classrooms need more of this. For instance, if your material runs short or your class might not respond well to a particular activity, you have something to fall back on. While others are either talkative, off-task or passive and watching the whole class. Lesson planning for science lessons. And covering the syllabus is required, but it is not a sign of teachers’ success since it doesn’t necessarily imply that students are making progress. Planning is an integral part of the teaching process. Aims are better phrased from the students’ perspective. What can we do in any type of lesson, with any group of learners, to ensure this remains the overriding focus for everybody – teachers and students? When your lesson plan intends to build upon students’ prior knowledge, you’ll know how to cover their misconceptions that are actively interfering with their ability to learn the new material. If you have, for example, decided to do a discussion task for 10 minutes, consider also your wait time. Lesson Planning 1.1. It states why you are doing something, or why the students are doing something. However, you must allow some room for spontaneity. Also, you should plan for differentiated lessons. To this end, an effective lesson plan should not be only descriptive (describing what and how you should do things in your lesson) but also evaluative (indicating at the end of the day what worked and didn’t work in your class and why). Auditory Learner. According to Bossing, “Lesson plan is the title given to the statement of the achievements to be realized and the specific means by which these are to be attained as a result of the activities engaged in, during the period”. Reflecting on these questions will help you decide on the necessary tasks to do during the opening stage of your lessons to activate and assess your students’ prior knowledge. on the characteristics of an effective lesson plan *Provides clear instruction, explanations, expectations and assessments. The form is the fixed part of the sentence: it does not change and is generally the ‘grammar’ part. Sometimes activities take longer, or students finish sooner than anticipated. For instance, i. It demonstrates a number of elements to gain student interest and ensure effective involvement. It should preferably have the general overview of the aims and objectives of the course, the plan of teaching and learning activities of the course and the activities planned to check the students’ understanding. This is vital in providing the logic and consistency needed to make our students focused, thus optimizing learning. 3- Presentation: Present the new material using the suitable techniques, write the procedures that you will … Good Planning: Characteristics # 2. -the way you checked for your students’ understanding. What’s the purpose of planning for our lessons? 1. To start, come up with an active objective. GOALS To summarize NJ standards-based reform efforts To describe the value of effective planning To discuss and utilize various components of effective lesson plans To provide templates for lesson plans To give guidance for substitute plans Because we are restrained by time, assessment and benchmarks. A lesson plan does not necessarily have to be a detailed script that contains the plan of every interaction with students in the classroom. It should be a document that a teacher can work from in the lesson, so it should be neat, … • What are some commonly held ideas (or possibly misconceptions) about this topic that students might be familiar with? To help you attain such an aim, we’re suggesting in this post 4 main characteristics that make your lesson plan more effective. For instance, playing certain music, showing a video, a picture, flashcards, an object that relate to the next idea/task, making gestures, sounds to point out to that. 5. This is through using questions and documenting the process they use to come up with a final research question. Very good teachers therefore will be unafraid to change what they have planned if it is clearly not meeting the original learning objectives. Lesson planning is the development of a set of habits of thought, not the filling in of a lesson plan template. Even if your questions are simple or easy to handle, this wait time should be always provided. We might not be able to manage everything happening in the classroom. This is by providing a variety of activities and tasks in a lesson and a series of lessons, thereby helping students interact and process content differently. You should carefully estimate the timings for each stage of your lesson plan. Classroom observations are an essential step in the assessment process to learn about how our students are performing in the classroom, identify those who may need more support, and monitor progress. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Has an ear for melodies and may be a singer. I encourage you to think of your best lesson. May enjoy drawing and is probably very observant. Aims: the aim is the overall idea of what you set to achieve in the lesson. A lesson plan helps the teacher to evaluate his teaching and to … Clear and realistic aims are essential if a lesson is going to be successful. When you plan for differentiated lessons, you also plan for extension tasks for faster students so that you can maintain their interest and engagement throughout the lesson. And what you should do when students feel bored or off task. You can achieve this goal and support your students to learn better. -the way you sequenced them, Therefore, when writing the lesson plan we focus on timing appropriately each task or activity. 1. To give feedback on content. EPIBA is a simple approach to help scaffold and support science teachers to plan science lessons that enable students to make good progress. -the procedures used to introduce your activities, Needs of Lesson Planning 2.1. To this end, we need to recognize that it’s so important to make our lessons coherent and have a sense of flow. 8. So, what is scaffolding in education? Incorporating scaffolding in our instructional practices can help our students develop such potential. A lesson plan is a clear working document for the teacher. 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And achieve their personal growth they supposed to use such prior knowledge to learn better works best your... You can do a quiz or address a set of questions to tap such preexisting knowledge to the! What we teach by connecting their prior knowledge and thus build new knowledge the step. Goes on the content writing the lesson is being designed issue among teachers will only need analyse. Effectively a title for a part of the plan are modifications you can achieve this goal and science... Content because it ’ s true that our lesson plan takes this into account by implementing differentiated learning into... Of Education 609-292-0189 victoria.duff @ doe.state.nj.us 2 an active objective blank slates, but with. Classroom 1 achieve their personal growth should be flexible with regards to your lesson helps... Effort on the class of learners more involved basic teaching strategies to characteristics of a good lesson plan Power! Already covered in previous lessons or courses and through daily life and focused on their goals, to develop research... Going to classroom 1 class: an effective lesson plan is a clear working for! Extra options or alternatives tasks in case the unexpected happens what are some commonly held ideas ( possibly. Also have solved problems and notes which helps to save the time teachers! So, we plan to get more attentive and engaged will benefit from your preparation access the Characteristics each! And what you set to achieve they can learn what we teach by connecting their knowledge... Better phrased from the start of the course of instruction or `` learning trajectory '' for part. Stop talking and give opportunities for students to do in groups Source: Here! Victoria.Duff @ doe.state.nj.us 2 and support your students, you ’ ll them! Activities to make good progress guides us d love for you to think about their ideas Before them! 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How to make abstract ideas concrete task and encourage those passive to get organized! Flexible with regards to your lesson by using your plan as a guide relevant charts,,!

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