One of the most interesting and mysterious questions to think about is… what is the Kingdom of God? The Kingdom of God or the Kingdom of Heaven, or simply the Kingdom is the theological concept of God ’s relationship with and rule over those who have placed faith in him. I. Pentecost divides these confusing aspects of the kingdom of God into two categories, the eternal kingdom and the theocratic kingdom.4 As Pentecost and others have noted, the theme of the theocratic kingdom can be traced from the Garden of Eden through the period of human government initiated by Noah, the period of the patriarchs initiated by Abraham, the kingdom under the judges, the kingdom under the kings, and finally the kingdom under the prophets.5 Although interpretations of these aspects of the kingdom of God vary in differing systems of eschatology, the primary problem of interpretation is found in the theocratic kingdom under the prophets. The masterful chapter on “The Kingdom Concept in the Old Testament” by J. Dwight Pentecost in his work, Things to Come,1 sets forth in a comprehensive way the doctrine of the kingdom of God in the Old Testament. The revival of the Davidic kingdom and the restoration of the cities and vineyards of Israel is graphically prophesied by Amos. Take in these Bible verses about the Kingdom of Heaven and set your mind on things of Heaven and not those that are fleeting Colossians 3:2 This prophecy has had no literal fulfillment in the past, but a future kingdom on earth could fulfill precisely these predictions of Isaiah. The child will be born on earth; the throne will be that of David; rule will be characterized by justice and righteousness; and it will be accomplished by the power of God rather than the power of men. The problem is by no means simplistic. A major prophecy is given in Micah 4:1-5:5 , the early portion of which parallels Isaiah 2:1-5. Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow citizens with God’s people and also members of his household, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone. That is when David will live and reign with Christ. While the concept is found to some degree throughout the whole Bible, it is featured primarily in the … For many scholars it remains a marginal element in Old Testament thought,2though others regard it as a major concept, found in a wide range of Old Testament authors and contexts. And He will judge between the nations, and will render decisions for many peoples, and they will hammer their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. By the time of the New Testament, God's kingdom in Israel had suffered under the tyranny of Gentile nations and the false satanic gods they served for more than 500 years. The variety of approaches of the amillennial view, which is essentially a denial of a literal millennium on earth, is its own commentary. Jeremiah adds his confirming word. Come up to a literal mountain? If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would certainly strive that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now my kingdom is not from hence.”, “Who is this King of glory? And He will speak peace to the nations; and His dominion will be from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth. Try it out for free, and God be with you as you seek to learn more about Christ and His Kingdom. In 2 sentences in a footnote he dismisses 11 passages in Isaiah as being already fulfilled, and he claims that his interpretation “can hardly be questioned.”8. Two Revelations of God’s Kingdom in the Old Testament. Amillenarians in their interpretation of millennial passages have several alternative explanations: (1) they declare them conditional and therefore never to be fulfilled; (2) they declare them historical and already fulfilled; or (3) when historical fulfillment is doubtful, they say they will be fulfilled in the new earth. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this (9:6-7 ). Zion is declared to be the source of the law (Mic 4:2). And the nursing child will play by the hole of the cobra, and the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s den. The Kingdom of God is a “leavening agent,” a “yeast,” a fermenting power that changes something for the better; and causes it to grow. The phrase ‘Kingdom of God’ (also ‘Kingdom of Heaven’ or ‘Kingdom of Light’) appears more than 80 times in the New Testament. The kingdom of God, brought to the world by Christ in His second coming, is not taught merely by an isolated passage here and there; it is a major theme of Old Testament prophetic revelation. He said therefore: A certain nobleman went into a far country, to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.”, “And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.”, “Who will render to every man according to his works. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 1 (Luke 19:1-10), Bible Storying Series - Teaching The Story Of God Chronologically, Bible Teaching Ideas: The Ten Commandments And Ten Fingers. Hoekema states, “That the millennial reign depicted in Revelation 20:4-6 occurs before the Second Coming of Christ is evident from the fact that the final judgment, described in verses 11-15 of this chapter, is pictured as coming after the thousand-year reign….it is obvious that the thousand-year reign of Revelation 20:4-6 must occur before and not after the Second Coming of Christ” (Anthony A. Hoekema, The Bible and the Future [Grand Rapids: Wm. Zechariah 2:10-12 adds its testimony to the future joy and blessing of the kingdom. The righteousness of His rule, the destruction of the wicked, the accompanying tranquility in nature does not correspond to anything in history nor anything in the future in heaven, but refers to the earth. Then I will dwell in your midst, and you will know that the LORD of hosts has sent Me to you. Kingdom of God in the Old Testament declares the LORD of hosts. Old Testament prophets, while under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, wrote about the Kingdom of God being established on earth (2 Peter 1:20-21). God shall bless us; and all the ends of the earth shall fear Him.’ It would be difficult to try to spiritualise that! And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose upon earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven.”, “And saying: Do penance: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”, “For the kingdom of God is not in speech, but in power.”, “As they were hearing these things, he added and spoke a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately be manifested. The prophecy concludes: Also I will restore the captivity of My people Israel, and they will rebuild the ruined cities and live in them, they will also plant vineyards and drink their wine, and make gardens and eat their fruit. Amen.”, “Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are fornication, uncleanness, immodesty, luxury, Idolatry, witchcrafts, enmities, contentions, emulations, wraths, quarrels, dissensions, sects, Envies, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like. An illustration of this is the discussion by Jay Adams in his work, The Time Is at Hand. Many understand Psalms 45 and 46 to refer to the reign of Christ. “Behold the day of LORD is coming. But something entirely separate is being taught which is called the "Gospel of the Kingdom of God". “In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David, and wall up its breaches; I will also raise up its ruins, and rebuild it as in the days of old” (Amos 9:11). Which a man having found, hid it, and for joy thereof goeth, and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.”, “And this gospel of the kingdom, shall be preached in the whole world, for a testimony to all nations, and then shall the consummation come.”, “And heal the sick that are therein, and say to them: The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.”, Get Helpful Bible Verses Everyday With The FREE Holy Bible Daily Browser Extension! Thus says the LORD of hosts, Behold, I am going to save My people from the land of the east and from the land of the west; and I will bring them back, and they will live in the midst of Jerusalem, and they will be My people and I will be their God in truth and righteousness. Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, he is the greater in the kingdom of heaven. An unprejudiced reading of the Scripture renders one universal judgment, one universal resurrection. At His first coming, the nation welcomed Him as her King. Usually it is conceded that the kingdom was in theocratic form in Israel under Saul, David, Solomon, and their successors. Selah.”, “He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the kid, and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little boy will lead them. That kingdom will not be one of earthly, material felicity and blessing, but spiritual. Nicodemus saith to him: How can a man be born when he is old? In 1 Samuel 12 the prophet Samuel rebukes Israel for desiring a king that would be just like the greedy, self-serving kings of the nations surrounding Israel. The Kingdom Of God In The Old Testament (1,860 View) Living The Kingdom Of God Lifestyle Journey From (1,430 View) Just Us Little Guys Series 6 Old Testament: (1,849 View) New Testament Teacher Resource Manual - The (1,556 View) Member Services Guide - Kingdom Advisors (961 View) This will be when “the LORD will reign over them in Mount Zion from now on and forever” (Mic 4:7). He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the most High; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David his father; and he shall reign in the house of Jacob for ever. Jesus answered: Amen, amen I say to thee, unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.”, “Now therefore you are no more strangers and foreigners; but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and the domestics of God, Built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone”, “And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day there shall be one Lord, and his name shall be one.”, “And being asked by the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come? The LORD of hosts, He is the King of glory (24:7-10 ). can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb, and be born again? As Pentecost states, “Through this maze of interpretations it is almost impossible to make one’s way.”3. In these the second death hath no power; but they shall be priests of God and of Christ; and shall reign with him a thousand years.”, “From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say: Do penance, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”, “Not every one that saith to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven: but he that doth the will of my Father who is in heaven, he shall enter into the kingdom of heaven.”, “And I say to you that many shall come from the east and the west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven”, “But if I by the finger of God cast out devils; doubtless the kingdom of God is come upon you.”, “There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you shall see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. In addition, there are many other important figures in the Bible such as the Prophets in the Old Testament and the Apostles in the New Testament…, …that can give us insights into God’s Kingdom as well. “But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up for them” (Jer 30:9). Again this passage refers to an earthly government. This passage, like Isaiah 9:6-7, views both advents of Christ together. May he also rule from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth.” The universal submission of the kings of the world in the future theocratic kingdom is described in verses 10-11 , “Let the kings of Tarshish and of the islands bring presents, the kings of Sheba and Seba offer gifts. Frequently in the Psalms as in the Prophets, references are made to God’s future theocratic kingdom. While the exact term is not found in the Old Testament, the existence of God’s Kingdom is expressed similarly in the Old Testament. Luke 17:21 - Neither shall they say, Lo here! Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you. The Kingdom of Heaven begins when we decide to follow Christ and it is fulfilled when He comes back and ends evil once and for all. And I heard a great voice from the throne, saying: Behold the tabernacle of God with men, and he will dwell with them. Simply put, God is the sovereign ruler of the universe. for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you. Who is the King of glory? One of the most extensive passages by Isaiah refers to Christ’s coming and the characteristics of His reign on the earth: Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, and a branch from his roots will bear fruit. Who is this King of glory? Many varying definitions of the kingdom of God are given. For lo, the kingdom of God is within you.”, “But Jesus said to them: Suffer the little children, and forbid them not to come to me: for the kingdom of heaven is for such.”, “And saying: The time is accomplished, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent, and believe the gospel.”, I hope these Bible verses were able to help you as you try to understand more about the Kingdom of God…, And if you enjoy reading Bible verses, I recommend you download the free Holy Bible Daily Browser Extension…. Again Adams writes, “Come to a millennial city? In defense of Adams, it may be pointed out that he is attempting only a relatively small paperback discussion of a large problem. Kingdom: "Sovereignty, royal power" – basileia; from Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance #G936 (Where the rule of God is recognized, experienced and extended.) Drawing on Old Testament teachings, the Christian characterization of the relationship between God and humanity inherently involves the notion of the Kingship of God. And many peoples will come and say, Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; that He may teach us concerning His ways, and that we may walk in His paths. Then Jerusalem will be called the City of Truth, and the mountain of the LORD of hosts will be called the Holy Mountain. Ezekiel confirms it again with these words: “And My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have one shepherd; and they will walk in My ordinances, and keep My statutes, and observe them” (Ezek 37:24). The apostle Paul used the word mystery 21 times in his Epistles. These two verses nicely encapsulate Daniel’s vision of an end-time “son of man” who will defeat all the enemies of God and of His people. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they learn war (Isa 2:2-4, NASB). To them indeed, who according to patience in good work, seek glory and honour and incorruption, eternal life: But to them that are contentious, and who obey not the truth, but give credit to iniquity, wrath and indignation.”, “Fear not, little flock, for it hath pleased your Father to give you a kingdom.”, “At that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying: Who thinkest thou is the greater in the kingdom of heaven? To this Isaiah adds another point in Isaiah 32:1, “Behold a king will reign righteously, and princes will rule justly.” And in 33:20 , he describes Zion: “Look upon Zion, the city of our appointed feasts, your eyes shall see Jerusalem an undisturbed habitation, a tent which shall not be folded, its stakes shall never be pulled up nor any of its cords be torn apart.” Again, this prophecy has never been fulfilled in any way in the past; thus it requires a future fulfillment. Kingdom of God, also called Kingdom Of Heaven, in Christianity, the spiritual realm over which God reigns as king, or the fulfillment on Earth of God’s will.The phrase occurs frequently in the New Testament, primarily used by Jesus Christ in the first three Gospels. 4:4-7), 3. The Kingdom of God has been one of the dominant topics of New Testament study in this century. Understanding what we are told in the Old Testament helps us understand the New Testament. the Chaldaic Hebrew: MLKVCH Dan., iv, 28-29.The Greek basileia of the New Testament also has these two … And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem; and the bow of war will be cut off. They will not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea (11:1-9 ). These characteristics of Christ’s reign obviously refer to earth. Give us this day our supersubstantial bread. Zechariah 9:9-10 adds: Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! It is not the purpose of this article to provide a detailed refutation of amillennialism. And He will delight in the fear of the LORD, and He will not judge by what His eyes see, nor make a decision by what His ears hear; but with righteousness He will judge the poor, and decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; and He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked. His birth has been fulfilled, but the establishment of His earthly government has not. The kingdom of God in the Old Testament is marked by God’s righteous rule in justice. They say to him: The first. And the Spirit of the LORD will rest on Him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and strength, the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD. Another confirming word is found in Zechariah 8:1-8. The essential Jewish understanding has been that through the Messiah, God will restore the Kingdom of Israel, following the Davidic covenant. Do not err: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, Nor the effeminate, nor liers with mankind, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor railers, nor extortioners, shall possess the kingdom of God.”, “And again I say to you: It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of heaven.”, “Who answered and said to them: Because to you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven: but to them it is not given.”, “Behold thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and shalt bring forth a son; and thou shalt call his name Jesus. The phrase "kingdom of God" is not found in the Old Testament, and the idea of God as king does not appear in the wisdom literature, the prophets and much of the historical narratives. This book does mention some passages which seem to teach premillennialism but often his references are only a sentence or two, a footnote here and there, or a strong assertion that the premillennial view is wrong. While there seems little doubt that the kingdom of God is the central tenet of Jesus' teaching,1in the Old Testament the role of the kingdom is much more problematic. Endnotes. “The kingdom of God has come near. Thy kingdom come. Though invisible, as it is worked through into all of the dough, the bread dough is changed. And forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors. Zechariah, the Kingdom of God in _____ Kingdom Writings Index (PDF) Kingdom Writings Index (Word) Kingdom Studies Digest; New Testament. Though invisible, as it is worked through into all of the dough, the bread dough is changed. 427-45. Amillennial writings, which sometimes boldly state that not a single verse in the Bible teaches a kingdom of God on earth following the second coming of Christ, usually avoid the many Scriptures which have been cited in this article. This was a question that was often asked to Jesus when He walked on earth, and since Christ is the King, His answers are the best source to help us gain understanding of His Kingdom. recent form of amillennialism, which says the prophecies are fulfilled in a nonliteral way for the believer in heaven (in the intermediate state) prior to the creation of the new heavens and the new earth; (3) a combination of the other two forms, that interprets some kingdom passages as being fulfilled in the present age, some fulfilled in their intermediate state during the present period, and others yet to be fulfilled in the eternal state in the new heavens and the new earth. But the sweeping dismissal of alternative views and the failure to recognize that there is a variety of contradictory amillennial interpretations are all too characteristic of amillenarians’ discussions. As in other millennial passages, nothing in history, in the present age, nor in the eternal new earth corresponds to these events. Second, the Old Testament portrays God as king over Israel in a special way. Then the word of the LORD of hosts came saying, Thus says the LORD of hosts, I am exceedingly jealous for Zion, yes, with great wrath I am jealous for her. “And I, the LORD, will be their God, and My servant David will be prince among them; I, the LORD, have spoken” (Ezek 34:24). And let all kings bow down before him, all nations serve him.” The psalm closes with the prayer, “And blessed be His glorious name forever; and may the whole earth be filled with His glory. Mat_3:2 "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at … Verse 9 refers to “My holy mountain” and “the earth” being “full of the knowledge of the LORD.” To these prophecies Isaiah adds the graphic picture of judgment on earth in chapter 24 in connection with His earthly reign, He concludes, “Then the moon will be abashed and the sun ashamed, for the LORD of hosts will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and His glory will be before His elders” (24:23 ). Kingdom - All New Testament Verses. The next article in this series will deal with the New Testament doctrine of the kingdom of God. It should be noted that this prophecy relates to “earth,” not heaven. Sing for joy and be glad, O daughter of Zion; for behold I am coming and I will dwell in your midst, declares the LORD. or, lo there! Amen, and Amen” (v. 19 ). Thus says the LORD of hosts, Old men and old women will again sit in the streets of Jerusalem, each man with his staff in his hand because of age. The resurrected David who once reigned on the throne of Israel will serve as a prince under Christ, the King of kings. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. This is part of the research undergirding the salvation website: BornOfTheSpirit.Today. There aren’t any Old Testament verses which succinctly state that “Jesus is the Son of God”. He is considered perhaps the world's foremost interpreter of biblical prophecy.John is perhaps best known for his bestselling work on Bible prophecy, Armageddon... More, 4. Introduction . And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes: and death shall be no more, nor mourning, nor crying, nor sorrow shall be any more, for the former things are passed away.”, “Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”, “Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.”, “Now to the king of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. 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