Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. The Oyo Empire flourished for over three hundred years. The Oyo Mesi (seven councilors of the states) and the Yoruba Earth cult known as Ogboni kept the Oba’s power in check. Oyo rose to become the most important city state, surpassing Ife during the 1300s. Oyo Empire and surrounding states, ca. Oyo Empire(1600-1836) was a Yoruba empire, located in present day Nigeria and Benin. This was unarguably the greatest kingdom established by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. 2, facing title page] The Oyo Empire was a powerful Yoruba state in the modern country of Nigeria. On top of these causes classified by historian as remote, two immediate causes have been identified. The Fulanis jihaded the Oyo Empire. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today western Nigeria, north central Nigeria and Western Republic of Benin.Established in the 15th century, the Oyo Empire grew to become one of the largest West African states. Oyo like all African states on the coast engage in the slave trade. Unlike other Yoruba states, which were located in the forest area, Oyo was situated in woodland savannah. Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Oyo Empire was the most politically organized entity founded by the Yoruba speaking people in the present day Nigeria. By the early 19th century the Yoruba empire of Oyo was beginning to disintegrate, a process accelerated by the decline of the slave trade and the rise of the Fulani empire in the north. Pre‐colonial West Africa was home to a number of great empires. Unlike other Yoruba states, which were located in the forest area, Oyo was situated in woodland savannah. Winter 1 Andrea Winter Thomas Bell History 100 March 11, 2020 Oyo Empire The history of the Oyo Empire is one that follows that of many empires before and after it: one of triumph and golden ages, but ultimately plagued by corruption and revolt that brings about its demise. Law and order was maintained throughout the Oyo empire, and, even when it was on the wane in the 19th century, the . It expanded from the 16th to the 18th century to become the Oyo Empire, reaching its peak (around 47570km2) in the middle of the 18th century. The Oyo Empire, c. 1600–c. Here is the pre-colonial political administration of the Oyo empire. This serpent disappeared at the foot of a hill called Ajaka, and here Oranyan built the town which he called ‘Oyo’, a ‘slippery place’. It rose through the outstanding organizational and administrative skills of the Yoruba people, wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry. PDF | Oyo Empire was Yoruba empire located in the western part of the present day Nigeria. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, The Capitalpage 61 6. 1836: A West African Imperialism in the Era of the Atlantic Slave Trade. The Alaafin was the head of the empire, and was resident in the capital. While the Alaafin of Oyo was supreme overlord of the people, he was not without checks on his power. He was also regarded as “Lord of many O Estado de Ọyọ, Oyo, Oyó ou Oió [6] [7] é um estado interior, a sudoeste da Nigéria, criado em 3 de fevereiro de 1976, sua capital é a cidade de Ibadan. Oyo rose to become the most important city state, surpassing Ife during the 1300s. However, candidates who applied for the Oyo state teachers recruitment can past the examination interview with the help of studying this ebook past question I No for sure that you may be asking in your mind how is this possible could it be true? According to the oral tradition of Oyo people, Koso was a former capital city of the Oyo Empire. Nigerian Navy Past Questions & Answers PDF: Are you online searching for where you can comfortably Download Nigerian Navy Past Questions and answers?if yes search no more this is the right place. THE OYO EMPIRE (c. 1600-c. 1790) 4. Oyo like all African states on the coast engage in the slave trade. The Oyo Kingdompage 83 7. According to tradition, at the beginning of the 17th century three brothers vied for the kingdom of Allada, which, like neighbouring Whydah (now Ouidah), had grown rich on the The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today Benin and Western Nigeria (including Southwest zone and the western half of Northcentral zone). Material Life and Domestic Economy in a Frontier of Oyo Empire (Adegbulu, 2015:189). A loose confederation of Yoruba kingdoms in West Africa. It spans the modern-day countries of Nigeria, Togo, and Benin. It was not until the late 18th century that it began to face a series of crises that paved the way for its decline. The empire eventually fell in the early 19th century following a full‐scale invasion launched on its capital by Fulani jihadists. There are three earlier capitals near the Niger River. The city engaged extensively in trade and became wealthy. Lies About Oyo Empire / Yoruba's After The Fall Of Oyo Empire / Oyo Empire - 1300CE (1) History Of The Oyo Empire by sammyjay3(m): 10:59am On Jul 02, 2014; The Oyo state of the yorubas was the earliest and the largest of the four great kingdoms of west Africa. Of the post Oyo empire Yoruba States, there is much more first-hand accounts given the increase of trade with Europeans and missionary proselytising missions. Checkout. Established in the late 14th or early 15th century, the West African kingdom of Oyo grew into an empire that was dominant among the historical Yoruba states. After about 1840, however, the kingdom’s fortunes changed as Britain succeeded in putting an end to the overseas slave trade. Up to this day, the Illorin traditional ruler is an emir, whereas in the rest of Yoruba towns the kings are called oba or baale (Baale or Baba Onile … Gezu accomplished a smooth transition to palm oil exports; slaves, instead of being sold, were kept to work palm plantations. Akinjogbin, the emeritus Professor of History put the situation as follows: “Up to about 1780, the Oyo Empire remained at the peak of its military strength. (Oxford Studies in African Affa (Oxford Studies in African Affa We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. For instance, in the sixteenth century, Oyo was one of the rare empires that had in-built checks and balances, and, this contributed to its stability for centuries. The history of the Yoruba people begins in Ile-Ife. The Imperial Period: A Chronological Frameworkpage 47 5. The Oyo Empire grew to become the largest Yoruba state. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Some of Oyo's institutions are clearly derivative of early accomplishments in Ife. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today western and northern Nigeria. Established in the 14th century, the Oyo Empire grew to become one of the largest West African states encountered by pre-colonial explorers. The Oyo Empire was approximately founded in 1300 C.E. According to Yoruba tradition, Oyo was founded by Oranmiyan, a son of Oduduwa, the deity who established the … There are three earlier capitals near the Niger River. Dahomey no longer had to pay tribute to Oyo. Oyo Empire in the late 18th and early 19th century and a steady shift of the centre of gravity of the empire from the north to the south (Atanda,1971). The mythical origins of the Oyo Empire lie with Oranyan (also known as Oranmiyan), the second prince of the Yoruba Kingdom of Ile-Ife ().Oranyan made an agreement with his brother to launch a punitive raid on their northern neighbors for insulting their father Oba (King) Oduduwa, the first Ooni of Ife. 1836: A West African Imperialism in the Era of the Atlantic Slave Trade. Oyo palace in 1890s . Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Other Titles of the Alaafin of Oyo Apart from being a wealthy rich Yoruba king which makes the Alaafin of Oyo net worth run into billions of Naira, there are other names or titles by which the Alaafin is called. On the way to the battle, the brothers quarreled and the army split up. Therefore, his younger brother, Oduduwa, took the three items of creation from him, climbed down from the heavens on a chai… The Oyo Empire fell a year later. The Egbado Corridor revolted after this. By Robin Law. Oyo was founded in the 15th century and became one of the largest West African kingdoms (states). It succeeded Ile Ife as the dominant kingdom in the area after 1700. that was the most authoritative and important in African history. It rose through the outstanding organizational skills of the Yoruba, wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry. Oyo-Ile was razed by the Fulani Empire in 1835 and the Oyo Empire collapsed in 1836, once Afonja had been killed by the Fulani. Scholars have not determined how much of this structure existed prior to the Nupe invasion. Old city of the Oyo Empire was approximately founded in the forest area, was...: the fall of the most important city state, surpassing Ife during the 1300s the forest area, was... 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