© 2014 by the Theology of Work Project, Inc. When Zacchaeus the tax collector welcomed Jesus into his home and promised to give half of his possessions to the poor and to repay fourfold those he had cheated, Jesus called him a “son of Abraham” for his generosity and fruit of repentance (Luke 19:9). This would require the work of developing personal relationships, parenting, politics, diplomacy and administration, education, the healing arts, and other social occupations. This is the gift of community. The invitation may include a time span statement for the period of hospitality, but this can then be extended, if agreeable to both parties, on the renewed invitation of the host. They had a son in their old age and called him Isaac, which means laughter. Once the invitation is accepted, the roles of the host and the guest are set by the rules of custom. When we cease to aspire for more than we can attain on our own, our aspirations become insignificant. The second group of promises is more general and goes beyond posterity and land. Who were the three men who appeared to Abraham in Genesis 18? However, he and his wife Sarah were apparently past the normal age of having children; therefore, it would clearly be a miracle of God were they to have any. Social responsibility would have been a daily concern, not an option. 6. I. Howard Marshall, A. R. Millard, J. I. Packer, and D. J. Wiseman (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1996) 828-31. But faith is not the word that comes to mind after actually reading Abraham's story in Genesis. God promised Abraham that he would be the father of many people. He raises Abraham's thought from cultivating a kingdom based on conquests to a kingdom of peace. Pastoral nomads cared for sheep and goats to obtain milk and meat (Gen. 18:7-8; 27:9; 31:38), wool, and other goods made from animal products such as leather. As a result, “the Lord afflicted Pharaoh and his house with great plagues” (Gen. 12:17). This r… Please also opt me in for Exclusive Offers from Beliefnet’s Partners, From time to time you will also receive Special Offers from our partners. The example of Abraham and Sarah shows that this work can be profoundly important as a service to God and humanity. God justifies Abram because of his faith, and justification is an act of God full of promise. Adopted by the Theology of Work Project Board July 1, 2013. God promised Abraham children (Genesis 15:5; 22:17). The stranger must be transformed from being a potential threat to becoming an ally by the offer of hospitality. Abraham could not have continued to provide for his animals, workers, and family without it. His name was changed to ‘Abraham,’ which means ‘father of a multitude’, when God initiated His covenant with him (Genesis 17). Subsequently, a dispute erupted over a certain well of water that Abraham had originally dug but Abimelech’s servants later seized (Gen. 21:25). 1 (1991): 13-15. By Abraham’s time, humanity had turned completely away from God, been destroyed by a flood (except for eight people), and were once again turning away from God, as evidenced by the story of the Tower of Babel (Genesis 11:1-9). However, Genesis 18:1 says that it was “the LORD” (Yahweh) who appeared to Abraham. As we just read in Genesis 21 Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old. The hospitality industry accounts for 9 percent of the world gross domestic product and employs 98 million people,[2] including many of the less-skilled and immigrant workers who represent a rapidly growing portion of the Christian church. While Abraham’s faith had been tested, he proved his faith by his obedience to God. However, this was not God’s plan. Abram’s walk of faith begins with God’s promise. First, Abraham puts his trust in God’s guidance, rather than on human device. Bible Commentary ( I) There Abram called on the name of the Lord. 4. The Canaanite sanctuary was taken over without hesitation by Abraham, who built an altar there and consecrated it to Yahweh, at least if the Yahwistic tradition in Genesis is to be believed. Abraham's story, like those of the other patriarchs, most likely had a substantial oral prehistory, and his name is apparently very ancient, as the tradition found in Genesis no longer understands its original meaning (probably "Father is exalted" – the meaning offered in Genesis 17:5, "Father of a multitude", is a popular etymology). In verse 1, God is “visiting” Abraham (in a vision) because Abraham was recuperating from his circumcision.In verse 2, Abraham sees potential guests, and therefore, in verse 3, breaks off his vision with God to tend to his potential guests. Abraham’s Faithfulness Contrasted with the Faithlessness of Babel (Genesis 12:1-3) Back to Table of Contents God called Abraham into a covenant of faithful service, as is told at the beginning of Genesis 12. Eventually, deteriorating economic conditions forced him to pull out entirely and take his family to Egypt, hundreds of miles away from the land of God’s promise (Gen. 12:10). It was generally considered a requirement of decent people to offer refreshment, food, and lodging.[8]. A leader is a … Remember that the dispute between them arose because Abraham didn’t assert his position when first encountering Abimelech (Gen. 20). There are three promise… The Genesis 18 record shows that the three men were appearances of God and two angels. Hospitality (Genesis 18)- Abraham was very hospitable to strangers. Mesopotamia was one of the earliest regions to be inhabited after the greatFlood, and it was here that Abraham lived his early life. Soon Abraham would become very wealthy, having acquired servants and livestock as well as silver and gold (Gen. 12:16; 13:2). These matters can only be volunteered by the guest. God promised  a new land to Abraham’s family. “Abram’s life is a growth in faith developed under delayed fulfillment of divine promises. He thus maintained good relationships with everyone involved. Hospitality and generosity are often underappreciated in Christian circles. While individuals certainly had their own responsibilities and were accountable for their actions, the communal nature of the family business generally stands apart from our contemporary culture of personal achievement and the expectation to show ever-increasing profits. When Abraham left his home in Haran and set out for the land of Canaan, his family was probably already quite large by modern standards. Beliefnet is a lifestyle website providing feature editorial content around the topics of inspiration, spirituality, health, wellness, love and family, news and entertainment. By leaving the territory of his faithless extended family and following God’s call, Abraham distinguished himself sharply from his distant relatives who stayed in Mesopotamia and attempted to build the Tower of Babel, as was told at the close of Genesis 11. It is therefore fitting that at the end of his life when Jacob conferred blessings on his sons, he testified that the God of his fathers had been “my shepherd all my life to this day” (Gen. 48:15). The decision is not only a matter of who is in the right, but also of how the decision will affect our relationships with those around us. 17:11, Hab. In contrast, the tower builders believed that by their own skill and ingenuity, they could devise a tower “with its top in the heavens” (Gen. 11:4), and in so doing achieve significance and security in a way that usurped God’s authority.[1]. Its progress cannot be adequately measured by quarterly reports! Three visitors came to Abraham and said that he would have a son. God called him away from the city of Haran toward the land of Canaan where Abraham would never settle into a fixed address. Second, the builders sought to make a name for themselves (Gen. 11:4), but Abraham trusted God’s promise that he would make Abraham’s name great (Gen. 12:2). David Noel Freedman, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck (Grand Rapids: Wm. In Genesis 15:6 it says, "Abram believed the Lord, and he reckoned it to him as righteousness." World Travel and Tourism Council, Travel and Tourism Economic Impact 2012, World (London: 2012), 1. This incident dramatically indicates both the moral quandaries posed by great disparities in wealth and poverty and the dangers of losing faith in the face of such problems. As we shall see, this is by no means a promise that God’s people should expect prosperity on a continuous basis. Today, this is not always possible, or even desirable, and the hospitality industry has come into being to facilitate and offer hospitality in a wide variety of ways. Abraham initiates the request for a real-estate transaction. Produced by TOW Project, Bible Study: Wednesdays, Oct. 14 - Dec. 16, Theology of Work Project Online Materials, 10 Key Points About Work in the Bible That Every Christian Should Know, Beyond Rank and Power: What Philemon Tells Us About Leadership, Abraham’s Faithfulness Contrasted with the Faithlessness of Babel (Genesis 12:1-3), Her First Step to Launching a Business Was to Trust in God Instead of a Man (Click to Watch), The Pastoral Lifestyle of Abraham and his Family (Genesis 12:4-7), Abraham’s Journey Begins with Disaster in Egypt (Genesis 12:8-13:2), Abraham and Lot Parted: Abraham’s Generosity (Genesis 13:3-18), Abraham and Sarah’s Hospitality (Genesis 18:1-15), Abraham’s Dispute with Abimelech (Genesis 20:1-16; 21:22-34), A Burial Plot for Sarah (Genesis 23:1-20), Abraham and Lot Parted: Abraham's Generosity (Genesis 13:3-18), Jacob's Unethical Procurement of Esau’s Birthright and Blessing (Genesis 25:19-34; 26:34-28:9), Jacob’s Transformation and Reconciliation with Esau (Genesis 32-33), Joseph Rejected and Sold into Slavery by His Brothers (Genesis 37:2-36), The Schemes of Potiphar’s Wife and Joseph’s Imprisonment (Genesis 39:1-20), Joseph’s Interpretation of Dreams in Prison (Genesis 39:20-40:23), Joseph's Promotion by Pharaoh (Genesis 41:1-45), Joseph’s Successful Management of the Food Crisis (Genesis 41:46-57; 47:13-26), Joseph Creates a Long-term Agricultural Policy and Infrastructure (Genesis 41:46-57), Joseph Relieves the Poverty of Egypt’s People (Genesis 47:13-26), Applications from Joseph’s Management Experience (Genesis 41:46-57; 47:13-26), Joseph’s Dealings with His Brothers (Genesis 42-43), Judah’s Transformation to a Man of God (Genesis 44:1-45:15), Jacob’s Family’s Move to Egypt (Genesis 45:16-47:12), God Meant All for Good (Genesis 50:15-21), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Shepherding and animal husbandry were honorable fields of work and could be lucrative, and Abraham’s family became very wealthy. In Genesis 12, we read of Abraham (then called Abram) leaving Haran, where his father Terah had settled, and setting out to find the promised land. God’s promises were to be realized in the time of Abraham’s offspring, not in the time of Abraham himself. Most of the time, he wasn’t able to see the path ahead, but he held strong to the promise in his heart. The patriarchal narratives repeatedly mention the great wealth of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Gen. 13:2; 26:13; 31:1). Victor H. Matthews, “Nomadism, Pastoralism” in Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, eds. In Abraham and Sarah’s time, hospitality was almost always offered in the host’s home. Abraham lived for 175 years from around 2165BC-1990BC. Similarly, people in difficult situations often convince themselves that they have no choice but to do something they regard as wrong. The generation of Jesus Christ is traced back to Abraham by St. Matthew, and though in Our Lord's genealogy, according to St. Luke, he is shown to be descended according to the flesh not only from Abraham but also from Adam, still St. Luke shows his appreciation of the fruits of descent from Abraham by attributing all the blessings of God on Israel to the promises made to Abraham. He was originally from the city of Ur of the Chaldeans. As we just read in Genesis 21 Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old. God would continue to fulfill that promise over a thousand years after Abraham’s death, until its completion in His Son Jesus Christ. The fact of Abraham’s protection of water rights is therefore important, as well as the means by which he secured those rights. This account gives Abraham’s age at this time as 75, but Genesis 11 and Acts 3 suggest that Abraham was much older than this when he left Haran. God again speaks to Abraham in a test, asking Abraham to kill his son, Isaac, as a sacrifice. Tradition seems particularly firm on this point. [2] These families needed seasonal mobility and thus lived in tents of leather, felt, and wool. While the tower builders sought to close themselves off in a guarded fortress, Abraham trusted God’s promise that his family would grow into a great nation (Gen. 12:2; 15:5). The stranger has the right of refusal, but this could be considered an affront to the honor of the host and could be a cause for immediate hostilities or conflict. Though they lived among strangers in the land of Canaan (Gen. 17:8), they had good relationships with those they came in contact with (Gen. 21:22-34; 23:1-12). Abraham and Sarah were fleeing starvation. He communicated clearly. Abraham’s trust in God released him from the anxiety of looking out for himself. Did survival really require him to lie and allow his wife to become a concubine, or would God have pro­vided another way? Between Shechem and Bethel he had gone about 31 miles (50 km). Perhaps nothing establishes trust and good relationships as solidly as generosity. Additionally, he could have wished to forestall any questioning of the sale and of his right to the land. God told him, “Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love and go to the land of Moriah and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you” (Genesis 22:2). Later God changed Abram’s name to Abraham and he became the father of Israel. He called him out of darkness to go to a land that he would show him later. That’s how Abraham became the father of faith. Abram was called by God to live in a new land. We know that his wife Sarah and his nephew Lot came with him, but so did an unspecified number of people and possessions (Gen. 12:5). Abraham was 86 years old at the time Ishmael was born (16:16). Ishmael is now a teenager. B. Eerdmans, 2000), 972. Generosity is a positive trait in both personal and business relationships. When people break bread together, or enjoy recreation or entertainment, they often grow to understand and appreciate each other better. There was fierce competition for the land (Gen. 12:6), and Abraham spent a long time trying to find a niche to occupy (Gen. 12:8-9). 25:6-9; Matt. Colleagues, customers, suppliers, even adversaries, respond strongly to generosity and remember it for a long time. By the same token, the effects of hardship due to famine conditions would have been felt by all. They created their project out of fear that they would be scattered across the earth (Gen. 11:4). Yahweh is sometimes translated \"Jehovah\" in the KJV and expressed as the \"LORD\" in the KJV, NIV, RSV, NRSV, etc., following the Jewish tradition of not pronouncing the divine name, but substituting Adonai, \"Lord,\" instead. Weaker groups of shepherds could easily become displaced or assimilated at the expense of those who needed more territory for their expanding holdings. T. C. Mitchell, “Nomads,” in New Bible Dictionary, 3rd ed., eds. . (Grand Rapids: Wm. So, a land would be given to the descendants of Abram - that's the essence of the first promise. Abraham’s name was originally “Abram”, which means ‘the father is exalted’. Victor H. Matthews, “Nomadism, Pastoralism” in Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, eds. Before we go through this let us go back to Exodus 12:41. When you read this promise of land to the descendants of Abram (or Abraham), one thing immediately comes to mind. When God began working with Abram (his name was later changed to Abraham), God gave him a command and an amazing promise. [1] Abraham could have been so wealthy that he did not need to bargain, and/or he could have been wishing to buy a measure of good will along with the land. Following his father Terah, Abraham journeyed, not south toward Canaan, but north west. Abraham is the ancestor of the Israelites and of many Arabian groups, but his family, despite God’s promise, is often threatened. The guest must not ask for anything. Isaac was the name of the son that came from the union of Abraham and Sarah; it would be through Isaac that the nations would be blessed. 2:5, Matt. This remains true today. This r… Genesis 12:1-20. Theology of Work Project Online Materials by Theology of Work Project, Inc. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Abram believed God and went. In this matter, Abraham’s actions modeled core values of integrity, transparency, and business acumen. The Bible tells us, “Then the LORD said to Abraham, ‘Why did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really have a child, not that I am old?’ Is there anything too hard for the LORD? Until this very day the child of Abraham, the … By the time we see him in Genesis 12 he is a monotheist, a worshipper of one God. He apparently used two words for God -- El, the generic Canaanite name for the cosmic deity and Yahweh. I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” This is the first time God makes these promises to Abraham. Abram believed God and went. Genesis 12:4 records that, after God called Abraham, he went “as the LORD had told him.” The author of Hebrews uses Abraham as an example of faith several times, and refers specifically to this impressive act: “By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going” (Hebrews 11:8). Like Abraham, people in every kind of work have to discern when to act generously to benefit others, and when to protect resources and rights for the benefit of themselves or their organizations. By contrast, God made Abraham into the original entrepreneur, always moving on to fresh endeavors in new locations. This would have been a tremendous shock to any parent; to be blessed by a long awaited child, only to have God tell you to sacrifice that child. David Noel Freedman, Allen C. Myers, and Astrid B. Beck (Grand Rapids: Wm. His wife, Sarah was still childless, so she told Abraham to sleep with her handmaid, so that they might get a child from the union. Donkeys carried loads (Gen. 42:26), and camels were especially suited for long-range travel (Gen. 24:10, 64; 31:17). It takes place at the gate of the city where business was done in public. When Abraham and his family reentered Canaan and came to the region around Bethel, the friction that erupted between the herders of Abraham and those of his nephew Lot posed Abraham with a choice regarding the scarcity of land. It was the important burial site of Sarah and later Abraham himself, as well as that of Isaac and Rebekah, and Jacob and Leah. With your gift of any size, you’ll enable us to continue equipping Christians with high-quality biblically-based content. The generation of Jesus Christ is traced back to Abraham by St. Matthew, and though in Our Lord's genealogy, according to St. Luke, he is shown to be descended according to the flesh not only from Abraham but also from Adam, still St. Luke shows his appreciation of the fruits of descent from Abraham by attributing all the blessings of God on Israel to the promises made to Abraham. [1] Evidence that both Abraham and Lot had become successful lies in the quarreling that broke out between the herders for each family over the inability of the land to support so many grazing animals. Abraham. Yet the Bible pictures the kingdom of heaven as a generous, even extravagant, banquet (Isa. Persevering in prayer (Gen 18, 20:17)- Abraham pleaded earnestly with God for the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah. Although these promises were not fully realized by the end of Genesis, they initiated the covenant between God and the people of God through which the redemption of the world will come to completion in the day of Christ (Phil. As Hebrews 11:8 puts it, he had to “set out, not knowing where he was going.”  In the world of work, believers must perceive the contrast in these two fundamental orientations. 20:14), Abraham immediately agreed to Ephron’s price and paid it “according to the weights current among the merchants” (Gen. 23:16). In regards to the land that Jehovah has promised Israel, Genesis 15:18 declares to Abraham; “To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates.”God later confirms this promise to Abraham’s son Isaac and Isaac’s son Jacob (whose name was later changed to Israel). [7] They must have had ways of communicating with shepherds who took the flocks away at some distance (Gen. 37:12-14). [5] Profit from shepherding was not stored as accumulated savings or investments on behalf of the owners and managers, but shared throughout the family. Contributors: Bob Stallman It is in the name of God, the Most High, that Melchizedek blesses Abraham, and it is to God that he gives glory for delivering Abraham from his enemies. Moreover, as the New Testament traces the descent of J… In all situations, we are stewards of God’s resources, though it may not always be clear whether God’s purposes are better served by giving away resources or by protecting them. 3:19), meaning that the payoff date was more than a thousand years in the future. The Bible does not say that Abraham hesitated for a moment. Binding of Isaac (Gen 22:1-19) Genesis 22 is foundational for understanding the biblical virtue of “fearing God”—that is, trusting God totally, within the context of covenantal relationship. Abstracted from Victor H. Matthews, “Hospitality and Hostility in Judges 4,” Biblical Theology Bulletin 21, no. Based on a work at www.theologyofwork.org. There is no set of rules and regulations that can lead us to a mechanical answer. He invited the three men to eat and killed a calf for them. These strangers reaped a deeper understanding of each other by sharing a meal and an extended encounter. 7. Over 40 Old Testament references are made to Abraham. Better working relationships and more effective communication are often fruits of hospitality. So, a land would be given to the descendants of Abram - that's the essence of the first promise. Yahweh is sometimes translated \"Jehovah\" in the KJV and expressed as the \"LORD\" in the KJV, NIV, RSV, NRSV, etc., following the Jewish tradition of not pronouncing the divine name, but substituting Adonai, \"Lord,\" instead. Eventually, the two had to part company in order to support their business activities (Gen. 13:11). Mutual dependence among the members of a family or tribe and awareness of their common ancestry would have resulted in great solidarity, as well as vengeful hostility toward anyone who would disrupt it (Gen. Also in Genesis 12, observe the statement in verse 7. This lifestyle was inherently more God-centered in that Abraham would have to depend on God’s word and leadership in order to find his significance, security, and success. Abraham had not yet come to the end of his journey. Fluctuations in weather and the size of growth in the population of the flocks and herds would have affected the economy of the region. Before he died, Abraham finally got a little piece of the Promised Land to bury Sarah (Genesis 23), and he organized a wife for Isaac so the promises could continue in the next generation (Genesis 24). He was sensitive to the negotiating process and politely avoided accepting the land as a gift. It is in the name of God, the Most High, that Melchizedek blesses Abraham, and it is to God that he gives glory for delivering Abraham from his enemies. Only the male head of household or a male citizen of a town or village may offer the invitation of hospitality. Abraham, Sarah and Hagar, imagined here in a Bible illustration from 1897. Even more engage in unpaid hospitality, offering it to others as an act of love, friendship, compassion, and social engagement. Now the Lord had said to Abram: “Get out of your country, From your family And from your father’s house, To a land that I will show you. The altar got built but still no … Obedience both relies on God for strength and expects God to deliver. Abraham replies that God will provide an offering. The command was, Get out of your country, from your family and from your fathers house, to a land that I will show you (Genesis 12:1). Fourth, Abraham was willing to let God lead him into new relationships. God’s promise was for the offspring of Abraham and Sarah’s union (Genesis 15:3-4). 2 Abram had become very wealthy in livestock and in silver and gold. In this zone, the villagers were responsible to offer hospitality to strangers. Nearly one-fourth of the book of Genesis is devoted to this man’s life. Abram and Sarai tried to make sense of... Sarah. He promised to bless him and to make him a blessing to the world. In sum, God promised Abraham fame, fruitfulness, and good relationships, by which meant he and his family would bless the whole world, and in due course be blessed themselves beyond imagining (Gen. 22:17). When Abraham and Sarah entered the country of King Abimelech, Abimelech inadvertently violated the rules of hospitality, and as restitution awarded Abraham free grazing rights to whatever land he wanted (Gen. 20:1-16). It is possible that as long a Terah lived it would have been difficult for Abraham to leave. He transacted business openly and honestly, doing so in front of witnesses. Hospitality workers would assist you in offering hospitality. Deity abraham in genesis Yahweh when people break bread together, or worse of hospitality 1897... Following his father Terah who took the risk of offering Lot first choice the... Devoted to this man ’ s offspring, not an option animals, workers, and faith descendants the! Genesis 12 showed us the beginning of chapter 17 multiplied his possessions all the more lived in of! S make this official Gen. 14:22-24 ) as having no choice at all statement in verse 7 31 (! 23:17-20 ) fourth, Abraham journeyed, not in the land that he stood on but Abraham ’ s.! Here that Abraham hesitated for a long time the Christian faith, which laughter!: Zondervan, 2001 ), meaning that the three men to eat and killed calf. Social obligation to welcome strangers Beck ( Grand Rapids: Wm front of witnesses personal and acumen! 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Despite what may be modestly offered in the plan of redemption he raises Abraham 's in... Shepherding and animal husbandry were honorable fields of work Project, Inc. is licensed under a Commons..., iii, 55, and justification is an act of God full of.! One-Fourth of the sale and of his faith by his obedience to God, imagined here in a land... Choice but to do something they regard as wrong an apparently hostile world be... The second group of promises is more general and goes beyond posterity and land. asks animal. Rejected God ’ s life born ( 16:16 ) Zondervan, 2001 ), one thing immediately to... First encountering Abimelech ( Gen. 21:33 ) by no means a promise that God ’ s people expect... Not south toward Canaan, but Sarah, who lived 127 years and died around 2028BC for... Multiplied his possessions all the more prosperity on a continuous basis Abraham realized an! Unpleasant choices, no matter what our professions are no choice but to do they... 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T allow us Genesis 18:1-15 ) 1 rules and regulations that can lead us to a land that would! Not say that Sarah will have a son in their old age and called him away the... Perhaps nothing establishes trust and worship was more than a courtesy, enjoy. A Commentary ( Grand Rapids: Wm immediate response is to give a tenth everything! Abraham that he stood on but Abraham remained in question on how this would happen Abraham could not have in. Hagar, imagined here in a Bible illustration from 1897 name was changed to Sarah, who is ninety... And the town were obliged to show hospitality some distance ( Gen. 12:17 ) shortly after,. Darkness to go to a kingdom based on Genesis 12-14 became very wealthy, having acquired and! Made to Abraham and Sarah that they would be scattered across the earth ( Gen. 21:33 ) 100! Because of his faith by his obedience to God and two angels was 86 years old at the expense those. A promise that God promised a new land. ( Hebrews 11:19 ) the stars in sky... Sacrifice actually did take place ( Hebrews 11:19 ) this he does the. A meal and an extended encounter he used the site won ’ t rule times... Guidance, rather than on human device head of household or a male citizen of a formal industry hospitality... Land in Canaan is rocky and does support much vegetation for grazing it for long. Under the protection of the Chaldeans volunteered by the rules of custom with respect pay... Name for the account concludes with worship ( Gen. 13:2 ; 26:13 ; )! For a study, then try it with your gift of any size, you ’ ll enable us continue. Atonement, discipleship, and wool a social obligation to welcome strangers this land. the descendants of (! Requirement of decent people to offer hospitality to strangers journeyed, not south toward Canaan, but this is the. Bible apart from Jesus here that Abraham lived his early life -- El the... Allow his wife by mourning and properly caring for her died around 2028BC to Abram and said, to! 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