The six-engine B-47 “Stratojet” will serve as Strategic Air Command's front line nuclear bomber from 1951 through 1965, staged at forward operating bases across the globe and on advanced alert at all times. 1865: The Confederate commerce raider CSS Shenandoah fires the last shot of the Civil War - a warning shot at a U.S. whaling vessel in the Bering Straight. 1967: President Lyndon B. Johnson authorizes the bombing of road and rail targets in the Hanoi-Haiphong area. When his unit was ordered to withdraw, Hammond remains behind to assist the incoming medics treat and evacuate the casualties, but is killed by an enemy mortar. Since the bomber was over allied-controlled Belgium, he decided not to jettison his load of bombs, which would help them regain speed and maneuverability, but risked the lives of those below. 1781: Gen. George Washington leads a combined army of 8,000 Continentals, 7,800 French soldiers, and 3,100 Colonial militia out of Williamsburg (Va.) to the newly constructed trenches surrounding Lt. Gen. Lord Cornwallis' trapped British forces at Yorktown, beginning the siege that will effectively bring an end to the American Revolution. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty banning the production of chemical weapons and reducing the two superpowers' stockpiles of the deadly weapons by 20 percent. 1960: Air Force Maj. (future Maj. Gen.) Robert M. White pilots his North American X-15 rocket-powered aircraft to an altitude of 108,000 feet (20.6 miles). On this day, however, he is forced to eject and is captured by enemy forces. The attack was originally intended to be a diversion for the U.S. Navy during the Battle of Midway, which by this time has been cancelled. NASA had to work furiously to devise new procedures on-the-fly to return the astronauts safely after an oxygen module explodes two days into the mission. 1972:173 years after Constellation's victory in the Caribbean, the Kitty Hawk-class aircraft carrier Constellation arrives off the coast of Vietnam. 1919: U.S. Marines land in Costa Rica to protect American interests when the government is overthrown by a coup. During its mission, Explorer 3 discovers the Van Allen radiation belts. The TDR was a two-engine, unmanned airplane remotely controlled by a Grumman TBF "Avenger" via a television camera feed. Kittinger, by then the commander of the 555th Fighter Squadron, spends the next 11 months as a prisoner of war. 2007: With U.S. military airlift assets stretched to the maximum, a Russian An-124 "Condor" lands at Moffett Air Field (Calif.) to transport the California Air National Guard's 129th Rescue Wing and their HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopters to Afghanistan. Wakefield had just disembarked 20,000 British troops, destined to surrender in just two weeks when Singapore falls to the Japanese. The Russian MiG-15 was considered to be superior to any Allied fighter at the time and had inflicted heavy casualties on Allied airmen. That same day, Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union. After scoring his 40th victory, Bong is sent back to the states where he becomes a test pilot. 1903: During a period of unrest, Marines from USS Brooklyn (ACR-3) land at Beirut (modern-day Lebanon) to protect U.S. citizens and the American University. Meanwhile, virtually all of South Vietnam's major urban areas and bases are under attack. 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