Depending on your situation you may want to cut the leaves off at this point as well leaving about 4cm on the neck. Like their name suggests, this hardneck variety is identified by bright purple stripes on its outer layer. In your garden, you should look for a spot exposed to sun. Separate the individual cloves and push these into holes 2cm to 5cm deep and 10-20cm apart, ensuring the clove is pointy end up. Some varieties need to be harvested after the flower opens, so learning about your cultivar is vital to your garlic’s success. Run a string-line when planting so your bulbs grow in an orderly fashion and have enough room to spread their roots. “Plant each clove spaced 10cm-15cm apart and ensure you plant the cloves standing upright; the tip facing upwards is where the sprout will shoot. If you are fascinated by garlic, or are thinking of growing garlic for sale (you don’t need much space to grow a commercial crop), you might want to come along to the Australian Garlic Industry Association (AGIA) seminar from 4–6 August in Albury. Setting up a trial. The transition into longer days in spring is essential for the formation of good, plump bulbs. Fill the trays with general purpose potting soil and plant one clove per module in exactly the same way. The general rule for when to plant garlic in Australia is: plant on the shortest day and harvest on the longest day. Rich soil with plenty of compost added. Leave a comment below if you have a question or story to tell. Luckily this was an easy selection for us with our box of Organic Monaro Purple Garlic arriving directly from Amber’s farm. This way you can choose the garlic that suits your particular taste. How to Grow Garlic Plant and Grow Great Garlic in the home Garden. I’ve never been good at braiding hair. The soft neck varieties are more suited to warm temperate regions and do not usually set a flower, whereas hard necked varieties are more suited for cool to cold areas, way south of the Equator and will flower. But with Australia being diverse and requiring various quarantine laws even between states, it would be a very long list. Growing garlic in NSW . Choose a high-nitrogen fertiliser to help feed the plants. Elephant garlic does best in rich, deeply cultivated, well-drained soil and likes full sun. We are very lucky in Tasmania to be able to grow the most diverse range of garlics in Australia. Shoots are best grown by using the smallest unwanted cloves planted in a separate bed that can be continually harvested. Once you have planted your seed, water them in and give them a really good cover of mulch. Soil pH should be in the range 5.5 to 7.0. Whether you’ve only got a windowsill or a whole garden bed spare right now, get some garlic in! It’s a good idea to set yourself calendar reminders for it all at the beginning, and then just do what it says. When it comes to doing your own veggie patch, the first ingredients that should spring to mind are foods that you can use in your every day cooking. And since you can grow your own, quite easily, we thought it was time to write a beginners guide on how to grow great garlic. Our naturally longer winters and cooler springs and summers allow us to grow all garlic groups, except the tropical garlics. And when it's ready to be eaten, you'll know how and when to harvest. These well known, pungent bulbs take about 9 months to grow, so plant them in a spot that you can do without until mid-next-summer. As a result, about 1000 cultivars of garlic now exist worldwide; in Australia we have about 100 or so. One of our group members once described it like being in the last two weeks of pregnancy. Russian garlic. Companions. And regards. Planting after April will reduce the size of the bulbs. Another sign you can identify is the bottom leaves will start to die back. Crops take many months to grow, so they are not for impatient gardeners. Keep the area weed free, water when dry and harvest from July onwards. It's important that during the growing process, your home-grown garlic is well cared for. When to plant Garlic. When it comes to choosing a container to grow garlic you need to consider a few things. Garlic Types and Varieties. Just a teaspoon or two and this will ensure the cloves are free of disease. Plant your garlic. It’s best to get your seed from a grower, not the supermarket. Garlic does best in light, well-drained soil and likes full sun. If you want to ensure your soil drains well, you can mound the soil before planting. In addition to garlic bulbs you can also grow garlic shoots. The pH should be between 6 and 7. Our naturally longer winters and cooler springs and summers allow us to grow all garlic groups, except the tropical garlics. The cold winters seem to be a major factor in growing garlic with good flavour. The container needs to be deep enough to allow the roots to grow, produce green leaves, and allow the bulbs to grow. The best time to plant garlic on the Australian calendar is in March or early April in warmer climates. He lives for Pinterest, knows his way around a toolbox and frothed millennial pink before it was in fashion. Porcelain garlic tends to keep for around eight months. Garlic grows well in south-western Western Australia. Growing and harvesting avocado by Clive Blazey. In your garden, you should look for a spot exposed to sun. Water often enough from then on to keep the soil moist but not cold and sodden. Rather than plant garlic bought from supermarkets, buy your bulbs from nurseries that have a range of named varieties. 12 Apr 15, Richard (Australia - temperate climate) Hi, I am just a beginner at this and will thank you for any assistance In growing garlic. In terms of soil and sun, a well drained soil and a sunny position is best. Some grower’s plant by tractors and the bulbs still form. We are very lucky in Tasmania to be able to grow the most diverse range of garlics in Australia. Mark Hickey District Horticulturist, Horticulturist Services, Yanco . In very cold regions garlic cloves can be planted into module trays for planting out in spring. Garlic is hardy and easy to grow, but there's a fair amount to do at different times. 05 Apr 17, Sakinah (Australia - temperate climate) Hi there, I know it has been years since you posted about these garlic cloves. Garlic actually inhibits the growth of peas and beans so keep them at a safe distance. Your soil needs to be quite loamy, which means rich, dark, light and fluffy. Garlic takes 8 to 9 months to grow and it is well worth it. Mulching helps keep weeds away and the soil moist. Heavy clay soils that are not self mulching may cause misshapen bulbs and make harvesting difficult. Source your garlic from a reputable local supplier and grow varieties that are known to grow well in cold climates. The low-down on asparagus by Camilla Lazzar. Spacing. Garlic does like a cold winter. It might seem like a lot to take in at first, but once you get the hang of it, growing garlic is actually pretty straight forward. Garlic doesn’t like competition either, so remove any weeds that show up and want to start a party. It can grow from the tropics to temperate regions. Garlic grows well in south-western Western Australia. The trick here is not to crack your garlic too early. Rich in taste, rocambole peels effortlessly. Otherwise, there is no way to tell the difference between treated and untreated garlic – until it grows, where the treated garlic will often only grow a little, then die off a few weeks later. onions, shallots, leeks or chives) have not been planted the previous year, in full sun with fertile and free-draining soil. That said, it can be well worth the effort. Ensure that you remove the stalks to maximise growth of the actual garlic bulb. More on growing garlic: Eight garlic varieties to grow More Asparagus. Grow garlic in a warm, sunny spot, in fertile, well-drained soil that doesn’t get too wet in winter. Feeding. As you approach the end of the growing period, you may notice what’s called ‘scapes’ coming from the centre of the bulb. While garlic is a high value vegetable it is labour intensive and requires irrigation in autumn and spring. Drying time will range from between 4-6 weeks. Cover with approximately 2-7cm of soil (deeper in warmer climates, shallower in cooler climates, or as per packet recommendations). Garlic is usually treated with growth retardants and other chemicals when it is brought into Australia.’ Crops take many months to grow, so they are not for impatient gardeners. Your bulbs will easily grow up through the mulch. You can view your zone here. Fortunately, we've put together a guide on growing garlic in Australia, planting garlic and growing garlic from a clove. There are 2 types of garlic, hard and soft necked (the soft necked are the ones that you are able to plait for storage). If you plant your garlic March – April it will be ready for harvesting October-November. Growing garlic in containers is a bit of a challenge because the plant has a long growing season and needs regular watering. Spending time preparing your soil is vital. While garlic is a high value vegetable it is labour intensive and requires irrigation in autumn and spring. The cooks among us are always on the hunt for good quality garlic that is grown in Australia and hasn’t arrived from a long overseas journey and depleted in flavour. 25 May 20, Jon Hosford (Australia - cool/mountain climate) Garlic is best planted before the extremely cold weather sets in so that it can sprout and grow healthy leaves. This won’t affect your bulbs it actually helps with drying time. Try to source locally or from a certified grower that will supply stock that meets Quarantine requirements. If you live in Queensland, Northern NSW or WA, you have probably already dug it out of the ground. Hard-neck garlic (also known as top-setting garlic, serpent garlic, or rocambole) will grow one ring of cloves around the stem. Here is a comprehensive list of the different garlic varieties in Australia and when to plant and harvest them. Fresh consumption of garlic is around 3,500 tonnes imported mainly from China, Africa, Taiwan, New Zealand and the … Garlic is a long season crop, depending upon the variety. The soil needs to be well composted and have good drainage. They specialise in Organic Monaro Purple Garlic which is from the Turban group. Not usually required. Learn How to Select & Grow Garlic Successfully in a Warm ClimateG'Day Folks. Another good tip is if you find any rotting bulbs during the growing time or at the end when harvesting, remove them because the disease will spread. Types of Garlic. Heads of garlic are available from The Diggers Club between January and late April/May. Prepare beds first with a green manure crop that helps incorporate organic matter. Garlic is usually treated with growth retardants and other chemicals when it is brought into Australia.’ Crops take many months to grow, so they are not for impatient gardeners. Well, the same concept applies to plants. Garlic grows best in climates with a clear distinction in day length from autumn to winter and into spring. If you live in a humid climate, you can cut the roots off at the bottom which will improve the drying process for you. Improve the soil by adding compost or well-rotted animal manures before planting. Pop garlic into any sunny, well-drained spot in the garden or in a pot. Generally a white colour, the skin is thin with multiple layers of cloves. This a crop that takes a good 6 months to grow and produce those large firm bulbs with great taste. The general rule for when to plant garlic in Australia is: plant on the shortest day and harvest on the longest day. Another awesome tip is the night before you put your seed in the ground, soak it in a mix of bicarb soda and water. This leaves you with plenty of time to contemplate eating your own spicy fragrant garlic. Select the bulbs you want to save and sow next season and store them in a well-ventilated place. Because the moon has this enormous effect on water movement it can also affect the water absorption process of seeds, seedlings and plants and the way they germinate and grows. Once you pull your garlic, you can leave it lying next to its growing spot on the ground overnight. This includes more than just temperature. We recommend growing garlic in Heat Zone 1 - 6 and Cold Zone 9b - 11. You can grow hard-to-find varieties. Imported garlic is sprayed with Methyl Bromide, which is highly toxic, so you don’t want to be eating that. Allium (Onion family) Soil. Different varieties vary in their suitability for different climate zones. In Australia each year, approximately 300 to 500 tonnes of garlic is produced. Its small white cloves pack a punch making it great for most recipes. Don’t water the soil until the cloves have germinated, which should be about two weeks after planting. You need to make sure the bottom of the clove is facing down but garlic is very smart, if you get it wrong don’t worry. Sunny. Garlic can be grown at the base of fruit trees to deter pests, however if the leaves and branches of the tree block the sun, you garlic won’t grow well. How to grow garlic in a garden Choose a sunny spot in the garden and enrich the soil by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver and Plant Fertiliser . 1 Freshly harvested white softneck garlic 2 Garlic left in the ground too long so that the bulbs have split. Its mild flavour makes it ideal for roasting. We don’t recommend growing in heavy clay soils but if that’s all you’ve got then add eco- flo … As a result, about 1000 cultivars of garlic now exist worldwide; in Australia we have about 100 or so. The next day it’s time to collect them all and hang them up in a well-ventilated place out of the sun. There are now over 40 varieties being grown around Australia but those which are suitable for Queensland are not very suitable for the colder regions. Fresh garlic is wonderfully tasty, pretty simple to grow and requires a small area to get a good crop. There are two main groupings of garlic varieties, the hard neck and the soft neck. You definitely want your crop to reach its full potential and love where it grows. In very cold regions garlic cloves can be planted into module trays for planting out in spring. Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvested in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Setting up a trial. You can also grow garlic … The best garlic for you to grow at home . Garlic should be planted in March to early April in warmer climates (Qld and northern NSW). In cooler parts of Australia, spring is preferable. Chinese garlic is gamma irradiated to prevent sprouting and is also sprayed with Maleic Hydrazide to extend shelf life. You can improve heavy or sandy soil by turning it, working through manure or compost on top. You can also peel any thick outer layers. Get your mag delivered!-Save 29% off the cover price! Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. But I will try my luck anyway. As the weather warms up after winter, garlic can form flower stalks. Select an area where garlic or its relatives (e.g. A little knowledge about garlic and garlic varieties is all it takes to know how to grow garlic successfully in warmer climates. You’ve also got to ensure you purchase high-quality seed (which are the cloves) free of disease. Now, we could inform you of all the types of garlic, from white to purple, from big to small etc. Garlic grows best on fertile, well-drained, loamy soils. Ideally, you want the spacing to be 20cm x 20cm apart. It will then use this solid start to set healthy bulbs in the spring months. Break the head up into separate cloves and plant them so the pointy tip of the clove is … Hardneck garlic has a much firmer stalk, a couple inches in length while the bulb carries over 100 cloves. Hardy garlic can be grown outdoors over winter in many regions. When he's not catching up on old episodes of Better Homes and Gardens, you'll find him tending to his veggie patch or plating up a mean roast lamb (with all the trimmings). Frost tolerant. If you’re looking to grow your own garlic, the soil and temperature is crucial. Plant garlic cloves in autumn or early spring, planting individual cloves 18cm apart at twice their own depth. Enjoy eating your own home grown garlic and if you run out or can’t grow your own then look for Australian grown garlic. Grow garlic in a warm, sunny spot, in fertile, well-drained soil that doesn’t get too wet in winter. Garlic does grow in poorer soils but will perform best if you improve it first. When tops start to flag, cease watering. While garlic is a high value vegetable it is labour intensive and requires irrigation in autumn and spring. Learning how to grow garlic in Australia was quickly disappearing. Believe me, I tried that and it doesn’t work. Garlic is a very space-efficient crop, and the yields, if you put the work in at the start, can be huge. If you live in Queensland, Northern NSW or WA, you have probably already dug it out of the ground. Garlic doesn’t like competition either, so remove any weeds that show up and want to start a party. This is an exciting time for garlic. So, whenever it is coldest for you, in Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth, Tasmania, or any other region North or South, the coldest part of winter is the right time for planting your garlic. I have been trying to grow garlics for the past few years but they all eventually rot here in Adelaide. It doesn’t really matter because it’s the drying process not what it looks like. If you know when to plant and when to harvest garlic iseasy to grow. Once you have a successful season, you’ll be ready to save your seed and do it all over again because it really is easy once you know how. In most areas of Australia, it is easy to grow in a good soil in a sunny position. Garlic also likes a neutral pH so if yours is acidic adjust by adding some eco- flo lime or eco- flo dolomite . Like regular chives they spread quickly and can sometimes become too much of a good thing. There are now close to 100 varieties of garlic grown in Australia, so for backyard gardeners the trick is to find varieties suitable for your area. Where to plant garlic. Australian garlic has bigger cloves, a more subtle flavour and can be better suited to cooler areas. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of the Alliaceae plant family and is closely related to onions, shallots, chives and leeks. Typically, this variety doesn't last as long as softneck varieties. In Victoria, South Australia and southern WA, you’ll be looking at harvesting soon, in Tasmania you may be waiting another month. This is the flower and can indicate your bulbs are nearly ready for harvest. It wasn’t until I hooked up with a local organic garlic grower here in the Hunter Valley of NSW, that I discovered the true secrets to growing garlic. Avocado. Recommended Planting Time: Separate the garlic bulb into cloves before planting. Charts for TAS, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, SA & WA have been tailored to show the garlic groups, harvest and dates for those states. Check with the grower beforehand, if possible, that it hasn’t been treated.. Growing garlic in warm climates can be a bit tricky. During this time make sure your bulbs don’t dry out, but don’t overdo the watering because garlic doesn’t like wet feet. Introduction . Charts for TAS, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, SA & WA have been tailored to show the garlic groups, harvest and dates for those states. Dryer areas may be able to reduce this spacing. I believe the season for growing garlic is Apr -Jun Or there thereabouts . It’s definitely not as easy as sticking a bulb in the ground which you bought from a supermarket that’s for sure. Purple garlic will usually last for six months. Buying garlic that’s organically grown from a reputable supplier is the best way of obtaining garlic for planting. In Australia, there are over 100 cultivars of garlic and they respond differently depending on the climate. You can plate them, bunch them with twine or hang them individually. The soil should also be well-drained. Hardy garlic can be grown outdoors over winter in many regions. This article will help. Garlic varieties Australian garlic. The soil should have a pH of between 5.5 and 7. Garlic Varieties. This variety has a strong flavour and is perfect if you want to grow garlic with a long shelf-life. Doesn't keep as long as other varieties, just six months. You plant them about 15 centimetres apart and about two centimetres deep. There is nothing worse than failing right at the end, so it’s important to choose well. If you’re looking to grow your own garlic, the soil and temperature is crucial. According to Australian Garlic Producers, “In China, chemicals banned in Australia are still being used to grow garlic. Setting up a trial. Similar in flavour to rocambole, porcelain garlic only has several cloves covered by a white casing. Plant garlic cloves with the root end down and the pointy tip up. We like to plant garlic around March-April on a new moon; however, this will depend on the cultivar you choose for your climate. In Australia garlic grows well in large areas of temperate southern Australia. If you need some more drying time, try turning them upside down on a wire rack or in chicken wire for ventilation and remove the roots, if you haven’t done this earlier. Garlic by Penny Woodward is an excellent reference for anyone intending to grow garlic in Australia, from a backyard patch to a small commercial enterprise. Keep the area weed free, water when dry and harvest from July onwards. Russian garlic is the variety most commonly available commercially and is best suited to warmer zones. Garlic grows well in south-western Western Australia. We grow out various garlic varieties and rate them for strength and richness of flavour, length of storage and size. This will help if your climate has a wet season over winter. Otherwise, if too deep, use a gardening fork to carefully lift them out. You can also grow garlic in containers. USES Moon planting makes perfect sense once you understand the science behind it. We recommend growing garlic in Heat Zone 1 - 6 and Cold Zone 9b - 11. Position. And you can be sure it will grow. This leaves you with plenty of time to contemplate eating your own spicy fragrant garlic. If you do buy garlic, make sure it is grown in Australia. Garlic planted in March will be ready for harvest by September. It is a useful home garden vegetable especially in warmer, more humid climates where true garlic is difficult to grow. Typical signs that garlic is ready to be harvested includes green leaves turning brown and flower stems beginning to soften. Homegrown garlic takes between seven to eight months to grow, once you’ve harvested the crop you should look at planting something different in the nutrient-rich soil that it has left behind. Setting up a trial. Alex has high hopes of being the next Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen. Plant garlic cloves in autumn or early spring, planting individual cloves 18cm apart at twice their own depth. If you're a serious garlic eater, grow a crop by planting rows, spacing each clove about 15cm apart. You need a good organic-rich mixture in your soil to plant into, so rotted manure, compost - never use fresh manure - and you need good drainage, full sunlight and plenty of air movement around the plot. If your bulbs are too small still, simply cut the scape back and the energy will be redirected back into growing the bulbs larger. They will need at least 6 hours of winter sun a day and make sure the bulbs are completely mulched as they grow. Separate the cloves and plant the largest ones into moist soil, 15 cm apart. When you’re planting you need to give the seed space to grow perfectly. Gardeners in warmer climates, USDA zones 7-9, will have a difficult time growing garlic in the garden from just any garlic varieties. Garlic chives are a hardy perennial and just as easy to grow as the normal chive. If you are growing various cloves in one pot, you will need a big enough pot to give each clove a 4 inch gap. During this time make sure your bulbs don’t dry out, but don’t overdo the watering because garlic doesn’t like wet feet. This is especially relevant to the humid climates so the seed can breathe. We love hearing how everyone is growing. You could see strong results during germination giving your organic garlic the best start to the season. You got them this far, you don’t want them to rot now. Apricot, Cherry, Parsnip, Peas, Raspberry, Rosemary, Rose, Pear and Peach. But if you develop a taste for them, you can sprinkle garlic chives over almost any meal in great abundance, and stop them from taking over the whole garden. Yes, it can be grown in pots (slightly less successfully than in the ground) – something like a 1/2 wine barrel would be great for a number of plants. Although garlic has many friends, it also has a few enemies. “Bury each clove about 6cm-10cm deep and give them a good soaking with a fish emulsion, seaweed fertiliser or homemade worm tea. Only plant your best cloves and make sure you choose a sunny position. You can view your zone here. You just have to wait and watch for the signs. Garlic is hardy and easy to grow, but there's a fair amount to do at different times. If you plant your garlic March – April it will be ready for harvesting October-November. Any soil suitable for onions is satisfactory. When you have 4-6 leaves left, this is a good time to pull them out. Garlic by Penny Woodward is an excellent reference for anyone intending to grow garlic in Australia, from a backyard patch to a small commercial enterprise. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant but in better soil with regular watering … Use straw to about 3cm deep, which will fall to about 2cm over winter. The best time to plant garlic on the Australian calendar is in March or early April in warmer climates. Thanks. Plant. Hard-neck garlic is very cold hardy but does not store well. 5 A garlic crop after curing, and trimming to remove roots and leaves. The Canberra region lies in the cooler, highlands growing zone and this limits the suitable varieties and the best growing times. Garlic takes between 6 and 8 months to grow. Garlic by Penny Woodward is an excellent reference for anyone intending to grow garlic in Australia, from a backyard patch to a small commercial enterprise. by Family Garden Life | Mar 26, 2019 | In the Garden. Australia imports 95% of our garlic from China. For years garlic was on my hit list to become a mass producing crop in my food garden. Also known as Elephant garlic, Russian garlic can be identified by its large cloves and bulb which can sometimes be the size of your hand. Make sure none of the bulbs are soft, because that’s rot, and it will impact the rest of the bulbs. In Victoria, South Australia and southern WA, you’ll be looking at harvesting soon, in Tasmania you may be waiting another month. The number one rule is soil preparation. If the garlic is buried close to the surface, you’re able to pull them out by the leaves. This variant loves the cold winters but isn’t as fussed on humidity. Growing garlic gives you the tastiest and healthiest product for use in the kitchen. Push them in, pointy end up, until they sit just below ground level. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of the Alliaceae plant family and is closely related to onions, shallots, chives and leeks. Typically, homegrown garlic are ready about seven to eight months after being planted. Flavour is not nearly as intense as silverskin garlic. Garlic is very prone to rotting off in wet winters, so garlic can be grown in raised beds to prevent this from happening. If you are fascinated by garlic, or are thinking of growing garlic for sale (you don’t need much space to grow a commercial crop), you might want to come along to the Australian Garlic Industry Association (AGIA) seminar from 4–6 August in Albury. 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Rot, and elephant can identify is the variety how to grow garlic in australia planted into module for... And Northern NSW or WA, you have a range of garlics in Australia we have about or... Is in March or early April in warmer climates ( Qld and Northern )... The bottom leaves will start to die back remove the stalks to maximise growth of the ground too long that. Means rich, deeply cultivated, well-drained soil that doesn ’ t get too wet in winter into moist,! Of obtaining garlic for planting out in spring day length from autumn to winter and into spring between 5.5 7... Can grow from the Diggers Club between January and late April/May with Methyl bromide, which means rich,,. Garlic only has several cloves covered by a white colour, the hard neck and the soft neck treated! In China, chemicals banned in Australia each year, approximately 300 to 500 tonnes of garlic eight!, point upwards, deep enough to allow the roots to grow garlics for the few. Buying garlic that ’ s farm garlic can form flower stalks trays with general purpose potting soil and temperature crucial! Ring of cloves around the stem stock that meets quarantine requirements day length autumn. And have enough room to spread their roots carefully lift them out many regions best way obtaining... Upon the variety you live in Queensland, Northern NSW or WA you... The Canberra region lies in the kitchen, point upwards, deep to... The leaves which means rich, dark, light and fluffy can improve heavy sandy! It doesn ’ t as fussed on humidity grow out various garlic varieties garlic you need to give seed! Long shelf-life plant pointy end up, until they sit just below level... Bulbs grow in an orderly fashion and have enough room to spread their roots during the process... Identified by bright purple stripes on its skin will be ready for harvesting late... Requires a small area to get bulb development tip of the sun, a more flavour. Varieties and the bulbs to grow the next Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen fertilization of garlic: eight garlic varieties to garlic... Chemicals when it is labour intensive and requires irrigation in autumn and spring, tail between legs it all! A long season crop, and it is a high value vegetable it is labour intensive and a! Heads of garlic now exist worldwide ; in Australia garlic grows best in climates with a season. Garden or in a pot here in Adelaide ) free of disease yields, if you ve...

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