He was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. Ptolemy I Soter (/ ˈ t ɒ l əm i /; Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaîos Sōtḗr "Ptolemy the Savior"; c. 367 BC – January 282 BC) was a companion and historian of Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon in northern Greece who became ruler of Egypt, part of Alexander's former empire. Epiphanius' Treatise on Weights and Measures - The Syriac Version, Move over, Lannisters: No one did incest and murder like the last pharaohs, "Morbid obesity and hypersomnolence in several members of an ancient royal family", "Familial proptosis and obesity in the Ptolemies", Muslim conquest of Mesopotamia and Persia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemaic_dynasty&oldid=994411966, States and territories established in the 4th century BC, States and territories disestablished in the 1st century BC, 1st-millennium BC disestablishments in Egypt, 1st-century BC disestablishments in Greece, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 16:12. 1932. H. E. Ross and G. M. Ross, "Did Ptolemy Understand the Moon Illusion? He formed a state whose cultural importance remained unparalleled until the rise of Rome. Because Ptolemy derived many of his key latitudes from crude longest day values, his latitudes are erroneous on average by roughly 1 degree (2 degrees for Byzantium, 4 degrees for Carthage), though capable ancient astronomers knew their latitudes to more like a minute. Size and shape were determined by the visual angle subtended at the eye combined with perceived distance and orientation. He agreed (Geography 1.4) that longitude was best determined by simultaneous observation of lunar eclipses, yet he was so out of touch with the scientists of his day that he knew of no such data more recent than 500 years before (Arbela eclipse). The kingdom was one of several that emerged in the aftermath of Alexander’s death and the struggles of his successors. SeventeenthDynasty, (1500–1100 BCE)Kidinuid dynastyIgehalkid dynastyUntash-Napirisha, Twenty-first Dynasty of EgyptSmendes Amenemnisu Psusennes I Amenemope Osorkon the Elder Siamun Psusennes II, Twenty-third Dynasty of EgyptHarsiese A Takelot II Pedubast I Shoshenq VI Osorkon III Takelot III Rudamun Menkheperre Ini Under the direction of his mother, Cleopatra III, he ruled Egypt alternately with his brother Ptolemy IX Soter II and around 105 became involved in a civil war in the Seleucid kingdom in Syria. [31], Ptolemy's second main work is his Geography (also called the Geographia), a compilation of geographical coordinates of the part of the world known to the Roman Empire during his time. In any case, it is unreasonable to portray them with purely European features when no physical descriptions exist. The second is the Geography, which is a thorough discussion of the geographic knowledge o… Ptolemy also wrote an influential work, Harmonics, on music theory and the mathematics of music. Achieving highly precise longitude remained a problem in geography until the application of Galileo's Jovian moon method in the 18th century. Ptolemy I Soter (366-282 BCE) was one of the successor kings to the empire of Alexander the Great.He served not only as king of Egypt but also the founder of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a dynasty which included the infamous Cleopatra VII.. The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. Natürlich ist jeder Ptolemy xiv of egypt unmittelbar bei Amazon.de auf Lager und gleich lieferbar. [28] Ptolemy's model, like those of his predecessors, was geocentric and was almost universally accepted until the appearance of simpler heliocentric models during the scientific revolution. There are several characters or items named after Ptolemy, including: [T]he only place mentioned in any of Ptolemy's observations is Alexandria, and there is no reason to suppose that he ever lived anywhere else. Ptolemy was a Macedonian nobleman, son of Lagos. Ptolemy was a cartographer and geography, and also worked in mathematics. The great popularity that the Tetrabiblos did possess might be attributed to its nature as an exposition of the art of astrology, and as a compendium of astrological lore, rather than as a manual. He became the sole ruler of Egypt after the death of Alexander’s general Perdiccas. [27] The Almagest was preserved, like most of extant Classical Greek science, in Arabic manuscripts (hence its familiar name). Ptolemy IV Philopator, (Greek: “Loving His Father”) (born c. 238 bce —died 205 bce), Macedonian king of Egypt (reigned 221–205 bc), under whose feeble rule, heavily influenced by favourites, much of Ptolemaic Syria was lost and native uprisings began to disturb the internal stability of Egypt.. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen Philosophie und Astrologie, "Cartographic Images of the World on the Eve of the Discoveries", "Κλαυδιου Πτολεμιου: Γεωγραφικῆς Ύφηγήσεως (Geographie)", "Claudius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy): Representation, Understanding, and Mathematical Labeling of the Spherical Earth", Online Galleries, History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries, Codex Vaticanus graecus 1291 (Vat.gr.1291) in Vatican Digital Library, Ancient Greek and Hellenistic mathematics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemy&oldid=996090378, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2009, Articles with disputed statements from March 2018, Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. , son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes the dynasty becomes even more complicated they usually in! 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