Most emigrants left Germany during the following periods: 1683 to 1820. In the 1840s, a steam-powered tugboat towed barges to the mouth of the river, shortening the journey to a day. When they were about to be deported in early … The legislation governing slave ships from Africa was often more humane that the legislation governing these emigration ships. A project with the Bremen Chamber of Commerce and the Bremen Staatsarchiv. German Palatines came from the Middle Rhine region of what is now Germany, but was, in the early 18th century, part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Triangle actually stretched from Albany westward along the Erie Canal to Buffalo and farther westward through Detroit to St. Paul and the Dakotas, then south to Nebraska and Kansas, back to Missouri, and eastward along the Ohio River to Baltimore. They required that a doctor be on board each voyage and mandated sanitary inspections. German language immigrants began arriving in Canada over 300 years ago from the region that is now Austria, Germany and Switzerland. One reached the upper deck by a steep ship’s ladder. The usual facility in steerage consisted of a few buckets with privacy screens. Once in Bremen, most would stay at an inn and take in the sights, such as the famous tall statue of Roland the Giant. Created in 1404, the Roland statue in the Bremen market place symbolizes freedom and justice. There are no comprehensive nominal lists of immigrants arriving in Canada before 1865. Deutsche Auswanderer-Datenbank / German Emigrants Database. Current database may be searched at the museum in Bremerhaven or by mail for a fee. This was due in part to large passenger carrying steamships. (German colonists had been migrating to Eastern Europe since the Middle Ages and to colonial America since 1683.) Library and Archives Canada (LAC) holds the Canadian immigration records for the years … A German immigrant landing in Baltimore in the 1840s would likely have gone from there to Columbia, Pennsylvania and taken a horse drawn canal boat until he arrived in Harrisburg if he were going west. The German Pietists Mennonites and Amish made up only about 5000 of the German immigrants. The port of Bremen, Germany was a major point of embarkation for emigrations during the 19th and 20th centuries. Intends to provide a searchable database of all European emigrants who emigrated to North America from German ports between 1820 and 1939. Bremen, on the banks of the river Weser that flows into the North Sea, was founded in the 9th century and was an important and lovely member of the Hanseatic League. Please note that there are no comprehensive nominal lists of immigrants arriving in Canada before 1865. When silt on the Weser began to reduce access to Bremen’s docks, Bremen’s mayor purchased land 30 miles away near the mouth of the river from Hannover in 1825 for use as a new port. It commemorates the death of Roland who was killed by Muslim and Basque forces attacking the rear-guard of Charlemagne’s army. The city council of Bremen passed ordinances in 1832 that required companies transporting emigrants to file passenger lists containing emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, and places of origin. If there were toilets, they were usually up on deck and hard to reach for the young, old, ill and everyone else in stormy weather. They further required passenger lists be supplied to Bremen authorities by the ship owners for each voyage and that any emigrant not admitted into the United States by American authorities would be transported back to Germany at the ship owner’s expense. Modernization caused a shift in traditional jobs leading many Germans to leave the country during the late 19th century. The Bremen Senate set up rules regarding sea-worthiness of the ships departing from her harbors, minimum space requirements and enough adequate provisions for three months at sea. Hamburg was the transitional stop for emigrants from the Northern German coastal countries as well as from Eastern European countries. The odors aboard these immigrant ships were so foul that people on land claimed they could smell them coming. For those headed for the Port of Baltimore, some hoping to stay in Pennsylvania or the mid-Atlantic states before heading farther west, another voyage awaited them on the Chesapeake Bay until they could stand on dry ground. The ports of Europe were already strained and the immigrant ships of the 1840s could barely handle the sheer numbers of people seeking refuge on foreign shores, the approximate size of an immigrant ship being only 124 x 20 x 15 feet. Organized by Date of Departure, Steamship Line, Steamship or Ocean Liner, Class of Passengers, Route, and the Ship's Captain. In Northern Europe, many immigrants departed from Dutch or German ports like Amsterdam and Bremen. It would become port to 7 million emigrants leaving Europe between 1832 and 1874. Bremen was one of the better ports to ship from. FREE. Immigration means to enter a new country and settle there. German immigration exceeded 300,000 in every decade until 1930 and except between … The ships would be so crowded that people sometimes had to sleep in the gangways, and when this space filled, shacks were thrown up on the top deck where they were exposed to the elements. Updated, Europe's largest and most modern theme museum on the topic of emigration and winner of the prestigious award, FamilySearch - Germany, Bremen Passenger Departure Lists, 1904-1914 Naples is the capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy. From that year until World War I, almost 90 percent of all German … Article by John Movius with David Dreyer. Finally, many long weeks after the Bremen departure and halfway around the world, America would be before their eyes. The first leg of an emigrant’s journey would have been the trip to Bremen itself by train or in a coach. Online searchable database of passenger lists. The information contained in this index is for the years 1907-1908 and 1913-1914 only. Among them were about 100 Jews. Sources are passenger lists. Some poorer emigrants had to reach Bremen by foot. FamilySearch Wiki - Germany Emigration and Immigration, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1847-1854, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1855-1862, With Places of Origin, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1863-1867, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1863-1867, With Places of Origin, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1868-1871, Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild - Bremen, Germany. The port of Hamburg didn’t begin to improve conditions for emigrants until 1851. Russians to America 1834-1897 includes Russians, Finns, Poles and Germans from Russia Dutch Immigrants in U.S. Ship Passenger Manifests 1820-1880 (books or online database) Registers of Vessels Arriving at the Port of New York 1789-1919 lists of New York ship arrivals by name of ship and date of arrival (no passengers … Deutsches Auswandererhaus Bremerhaven / German Emigration Center … Others took a “brig” having two square-rigged masts, fore and main.There were very few laws governing safety, feeding, or cleanliness, and storms were frequent and often fatal. Some German-speaking migrants emigrated from other areas such as Russia and the Austro-Hungarian regions of Bukovina and Galicia. The major ports of departure for emigrants from Poland were Hamburg and Bremen, but because Hamburg had more agents and advertising in Eastern Europe, it served more Polish emigrants than Bre… The primary port of arrival for early immigrants was Philadelphia and many Germans chose to settle in Pennsylvania. Current database may be searched at the museum in Bremerhaven or by mail for a fee. History of German Immigration to America in the 1700's: 1721 - German Migrants in Louisiana The Mississippi Company held a business monopoly in French colonies in North America. As new ships were being hired to accommodate the swell of emigrants, many exceeded the legal load limits and this led to tragedy. It was not until 1862 that a rail connection between Bremen and Bremerhaven was completed to make the trip easier. It is estimated that about 1,100,000 people, or 2.5 per cent of the population of Germany emigrated between 1849 and 1854 taking their fortunes with them, worth at least 300,000,000 Thaler or 900,000,000 gold marks. In North America, the Germans from Russia were attracted to the great prairies, which were not unlike the steppes of Russia where they had been farming for generations. Few such lists have survived and can be found within various collections. Wars in Europe and America had slowed the arrival of immigrants for several decades starting in the 1770s, but by 1830 German immigration had increased more than tenfold. German settlement in Australia began in large numbers in 1838, with the arrival of immigrants from Prussia to Adelaide, in the then colony of South Australia.German immigrants became prominent in settling South Australia and the Queensland.From 1850 until World War I, German settlers and their descendants comprised the … From there, the boat was put on a train, lifted over mountains by cables, dragged through dark tunnels and narrow passes, then put back in the water to face even more adventures. It contains the following: a list of immigrant vessels that arrived between the years of 1865 and 1896 arrival and departure data passenger list availability (citations included) transcribed passenger lists taken from newspaper accounts and souvenir passenger lists (alternative sources) an index of surnames listed on the passenger lists available from alternative sources. Volga Germa… The ship’s quarters below the upper deck was made of rough sawn lumber fastened together forming compartments, each one holding four people. Allardt did help to promote the new town, but he died in Port Huron, Michigan, in August 1882 due to typho-malarial fever. Most of these originally settled in the Cape Colony, but were absorbed into the Afrikaner and Afrikaans population, because they had religious & ethnic similarities to the … The Polish ports of Gdańsk (Danzig) and Szczecin (Stettin) were primarily freight ports. Little did they know the cost that freedom would entail. Includes index cards for Jewish emigrants. The German American population of 58 million breaks down demographically as follows: 39 percent live in the Midwest, 25 percent in the South, 19 percent in the West, and 17 percent in the Northeast. It stressed a heart-felt conversion, reading the Bible, personal prayer, and living a holy life. For those landing in New York City before 1855, there was no immigrant processing center as of yet. Many cards are not in sequence. The first ship of record bringing German immigrants to Philadelphia was the ship "America", on Aug 20, 1683. When the First World War broke out, shipping to and from Hamburg came to an almost complete standstill. By 1870, German-born farmers made up one third of the agricultural industry in rural areas of the East Coast, particularly concentrated near the port region of Pennsylvania and eventually migrating to … Many of the vessels were “plague” ships, quarantined because of cholera or yellow fever, and up to one in six Germans on such a ship died from the long voyage. Pietism started as a revival movement among the Lutheran and Reformed state churches in Europe. It was not uncommon for immigrant ships to arrive with an entire ship full of ill, dying or dead passengers, or for the passengers to die while anchored in the harbor in quarantine. From the Historisches Museum Bremerhaven. Once they left land, they sailed into the North Sea and on to the English Channel, then out into the Ocean. Despite this grueling adventure, more and more people made the trip. Some poorer emigrants had to … Canada’s main source of Germans was Russia — especially from the Volga, the Black Sea coa… During the 19th century mass immigration to the west was occurring. Migration during the First World War and in the 1920s. Some sailed on a “bark,” a three-masted vessel with foremast and mainmast square rigged and the third mast fore and aft rigged. Not many passengers sailed from these ports. Details for immigrant ship arrivals at the Port of Galveston, Texas between the years 1865 and 1896. This meant taking a feeder ship from one European port in Germany, Russia, Finland, Norway, Denmark to a British east coast port such as (Kingston upon) Hull, Leith or London, continue by railway to one of Britain’s west coast big emigration ports offering steamship services to the New World such Liverpool, Glasgow or … These are index cards, arranged alphabetically by place of last residence and then by surname, of German emigrants, based upon the Bremen Passenger Lists. In 1847, crowded passage in ‘steerage’ from Bremen to America started at $16.00, a hefty sum to many. One couldn’t sit upright in the upper compartment, or berth, which was located at the sides, with trunks and baggage filling the center of the dark, windowless hold. A description of the. Diseases and illnesses spread quickly. Non-German immigrants are … This was true not only for German nationals, but also millions of inhabitants in Austria, Hungary, and other Central European nations seeking opportunities or refuge in the New World. Emigrants left Germany and migrated to Southeastern Europe, North America, Russia, England, Scotland, and Ireland. Photos: Recruitment page advertisement, 1872 expense report by recruitment agents and Maximilian H. Allardt. Once in Bremerhaven, many emigrants prayed for their safety in the port city’s beautiful old churches until they set sail. As early as 1832, Bremen tried to improve the quality of life for emigrants and established a reputation as the most favorable place from which to emigrate. To attract immigrants they developed intense advertising activities per each city and valley offering comfortable low cost voyages, which the… Finally off ship, some booked into one of the many Gasthoffs catering to newly arrived Germans, and many spent lengthy periods in them until they found permanent lodging or moved on. Hamburg, located on the Baltic Sea, was a port used by emigrants from southern and eastern Germany. Many German immigrants arrived at the port of Galveston. Deutsches Auswandererhaus Bremerhaven / German Emigration Center Bremerhaven, FamilySearch - Germany, Bremen Passenger Departure Lists, 1904-1914. The shipping company presented its passenger list to Customs, and the immigrants made a Customs declaration and simply went on their way. The final stretch to the ship could only be taken during ebb tide, when water from the arm of the Weser flowed toward the North Sea. For most German emigrants going to America during these years, Bremerhaven was the major port of departure. Deutsches Auswandererhaus Bremerhaven / German Emigration Center Bremerhaven This webpage has been set up to help deal with the difficulties of finding these records. The port of Baltimore was developed as a gateway for immigrants during the 1820s, and soon became the second largest gateway to America after New York City, (and Ellis Island), especially at the terminals of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad on Locust Point, Baltimore, which had made an agreement with the Norddeutscher Lloyd (North German Lloyd Line). The master of vessel was required to prepare a list of passengers and to deposit it at the port of departure. If your ancestors did not settle in or near a port city, then consider how they might have traveled from their arrival port to their ultimate destination... To New Orleans & Up the Mississippi ... Germany For German immigrants, the Germans to America series may be helpful... Germans to America 1850-1897; Germans to America … Others who had made prior arrangements continued on their way. German immigrants boarding a ship for America European Reading Room German immigration boomed in the 19th century. German Immigrants They were suddenly confronted with an alien civilization, crowds of people they could not understand and, if they did not have family or connections ready to receive and assist them, they were quickly overwhelmed by culture shock, fatigue and were again at the mercy of robbers and the unscrupulous. For some countries, such as Austria, the arrangement is chronological by departure date, with names grouped alphabetically by ship name for that date. Bremerhaven was the port of Bremen because the Bremen port was full of silt and needed dredging. During the 20th century Hamburg had become the chief port of emigration. Includes marital status, occupation, ship name, place of last residence, and destination. Religious groups often settled … Intends to provide a searchable database of all European emigrants who emigrated to North America from German ports between 1820 and 1939. The new harbor of Bremerhaven received its first customer in 1830, the American schooner. In 1575 a great number of people from the Netherlands immigrated to Hamburg and brought much prosperity to the city. Canada’s Germans have come from virtually every east European country, Asiatic Russia, the United States, and Latin America. Then, anchoring overnight, the next day would still be spent on water until they arrived near the port toward evening and anchored again. The first leg of an emigrant’s journey would have been the trip to Bremen itself by train or in a coach. When World War I began in August, 1914, the U.S. government seized the ship, which happened to be laid up in New York harbor. Some immigrants had been tempted by misleading recruitment ads and dishonest speculators, only to find out once they arrived that they had been duped and were now penniless, homeless and at the mercy of the elements and of strangers. From 1880 to 1920 more than twenty-five million immigrants, many from Austria-Hungary, Russia, and the Ukraine, were attracted to the United States and Canada. Their passage was often paid for with their life savings, and there was no turning back at this point. Few such lists have survived. Many German emigrants exited through the ports of Bremerhaven and Cuxhaven. German South Africans refers to South Africans who have full or partial German heritage.. A significant number of South Africans are descended from Germans. German immigrants on the steerage deck of the immigrant ship Friedrich der Grosse. The same ships carrying in excess of 700 emigrants would only have been allowed by law to carry 500 slaves. Most Germans immigrants were Pietists. The big companies which transported emigrants had their head offices in Switzerland and France and they were American, French, German and English capitals which operated illegally in Italy because they did not have the authorization of the government to work. By 1850, 20,000 German … Moreover, twice as many passengers departed from Bremen as from Germany's second busiest port for emig… A child under eight was counted as half an adult, with half rations, and infants were not counted at all. Namenskartei aus den Bremer Schiffslisten (Bremen Ship Passengers 1904-1914). All Rights Reserved. Between 1860 and 1890, over 2.8 million German-born immigrants lived in the United States, mostly in the “German triangle,” whose 3 points were Cincinnati, St Louis and Milwaukee. With differing degrees of sadness, joy, fear and optimism, they faced several weeks at sea from Bremen to America, barring any emergencies or accidents. Many of these emigrants w… After the United States entered the war in 1917, the Navy used the ship, renamed USS Huron, to transport … Most emigrants went by train to Germany and then embarked from a German port. Ships could not get into Cuxhaven was the port for Hamburg. Sources are passenger lists. When Bremerhaven first opened, passengers would have to travel for miles down the Weser River from Bremen to Bremerhaven on crowded river barges, a journey taking three days, until they were brought to the side of their large sailing ship. Many had never even set foot out of their small villages before, and just making this step was in itself a life-changing experience. In the 19th century emigration to the United States began. Between 1847 and 1853, at least 49 emigrants’ ships, each carrying between 600 to 1,000 passengers, were lost. The Germans, as well as the immigrants from other nations, looked forward to being free in their own land, out from under the cruel reign of their former masters. And what a way it was! This made Bremen a leader in the emigration trade for all of central Europe, and the Bremen shipping industry was prospering by consequently importing American goods to Germany, tobacco and flour from Baltimore and tobacco, cotton and sugar from New Orleans. During the war thousands of eastern European laborers worked at its port. In Germany, Bremen had … Generally speaking, each manifest gives: the name of the ship; its port(s) … Cooking grates were set up on deck for steerage passengers who had to take turns using them in order to prepare a meal and they had to provide their own food. From the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild and Die Maus Genealogical Society of Bremen Germany. The passenger list is a list of immigrants arriving at an official port of entry on a particular ship on a given date. It is said that as they departed, most emigrants stood in eerie silence on the deck of the ship watching their Fatherland slowly disappear. Related FamilyTree.com genealogical blogs: Michigan Death Certificates. From the Swedish port towns of Stockholm, Malmö and Gothenburg, transport companies operated various routes, some of them with complex early stages and consequently a long and trying journey on the road and at sea. The passenger lists are the sole surviving official records of the arrival of the majority of people accepted as immigrants in Canada. Although a massive re-routing of the Weser above Bremerhaven eventually solved the problem of accumulating silt, Bremerhaven remained the busiest emigrant port in Germany and soon became the embarkation point for most emigrants leaving Germany through Bremen. For those who could afford to travel first or even second class, an emigrant ship was not too bad, but steerage was horrible, with some ships taking 750 or more passengers. During the 1700s, there was an influx of German and Scots-Irish immigrants, many of whom arrived as indentured servants or “redemptioners” and stayed in the city to work off the cost of the passage. Passenger Lists available from the GG Archives from the Port of Naples, Italy. Embarkation lists of Palatine subjects shipped from Holland to England in 1709 are contained in a bundle of Treasury in-letters in T … Between 1847 and 1854, the port of Philadelphia ranked 4th in terms of immigration, receiving 4.4 percent of immigrants arriving in … Copyright © 1996-2021 Cyndi Ingle, CyndisList.com. Thousands of them emigrated to England in 1709. Emigration means to leave a country and settle in another. This wave of emigration was caused by economic hardships and religious persecutions after the Thirty Years' War. 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