The price of this Independent House is Rs 75.0 L. Maintenance charges come to Rs 500. [2] During the Sikh era, much of the garden's marble was pillaged and used to decorate the Golden Temple and the Ram Bagh Palace in nearby Amritsar [9], while the gardens' costly agate gate was stripped and sold by Lehna Singh Majithia. The family remained the custodian of the gardens for more than 350 years. East wall corner of the second level terrace, Minaret on the west wall corner of the second level terrace, A Mughal style structure inside the gardens, Mughal garden complex in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, Location of Shalamar Gardens, Lahore in Pakistan, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, The Herbert Offen Research Collection of the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum, Chapter on Mughal Gardens from Dunbarton Oaks discusses the Shalimar Gardens, Irrigating the Shalimar Gardens in addition to canal named Shah Nahar Youtube link in Urdu, List of cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shalamar_Gardens,_Lahore&oldid=988100914, Cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Ali Mardan Khan was responsible for most of the construction, and had a 100-mile-long canal built to bring water from the foothills of Kashmir to the site.[8]. The Shalimar Gardens remained under the custodianship of this family for more than 350 years. [4] Dissatisfied, he changed the gardens' name to Shahla Bagh (شهلا باغ),"‘Shahla’ meaning in Persian 'sweetheart' with dark gray eyes and a shade of red and ‘Bagh’ meaning ‘garden.’"[5], The courtiers present passed high eulogies on the Maharájá's ingenuity in selecting so charming a name for the famous gardens of Láhore, and it was ordered, accordingly, that henceforward the gardens be called by that name, and written so in all public correspondence.[5]. Shalamar Garden was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore in 1642. There are also five water cascades in the garden that includes the Sawan Bhadoon and the great marble cascade. In addition to the above buildings, the complex houses two gateways and minarets at the corners. Question: Who Built Shalimar Garden? The uppermost terrace of the gardens is named Bagh-e-Farah Baksh, literally meaning Bestower of Pleasure. Your email address will not be published. The Shalimar Gardens are not just all about greenery and fountains but it also has a range of buildings with stunning architecture which is worth having a look at. Required fields are marked *. Built in the year 1619 by Mughal Emperor Jahangir for his beloved wife, Nur Jahan, Shalimar Bagh (also called Farah Baksh and Faiz Baksh) is one of the Mughal Gardens in Srinagar, Kashmir.It lies on the right bank of the Dal Lake, on the outskirts of Kashmir’s summer capital. Mian Muhammad Yusuf, then the head of the Arain Mian family, ceded the site of Ishaq Pura to the Emperor Shah Jahan in order for the gardens to be built. The Shalimar gardens were incorporated into the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites along with Lahore Fort in 1981. The Mughal garden is located near Srinagar city and linked through a channel to the northeast of beautiful Dal Lake. Shalimar Bagh (Shalimar Gardens), Lahore: Hours, Address, Shalimar Bagh (Shalimar Gardens) Reviews: 4/5 The garden is spread out in three elevated levels of terraces mounted above one another. It is a credit to … The Shalimar Bagh was modelled on the Royal Gardens in Kashmir, also built by Shah Jahan. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Unfortunately there is little upkeep, the gardens could be so much more beautiful. In course of time the royal … Such is the creativity that went into the making of the water systems and thermal engineering that the scientists even today are unable to gauge the designs from the blueprints. Contact now for more information. According to Muhammad Ishtiaq Khan, The most plausible interpretation, however, seems to be that the word "Shalamar" is a corruption of original "Shalimar" [...].[6]. The Arain Mian Family Baghbanpura was the original owner of the site where the garden complex is located. [7] Unlike the gardens in Kashmir which relied on naturally sloping landscapes, the waterworks in Lahore required extensive engineering to create artificial cascades and terraces. Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, ordered these pleasure gardens to be built in the Persian style. History. In return, Shah Jahan granted the Arain Mian family governance of the Shalamar Gardens, and the gardens remained under their custodianship for over 350 years. As it is believed that at Shalimar a villa was built by Pravarassena II in the late 6th Century, when the garden was a sacred site. Construction began in 1641 A.D. (1051 A.H.) and was completed the following year. Shalimar Bagh is a beautifully laid out Mughal garden, the largest of the three Mughal gardens in Srinagar (the other two being Nishat Bagh and Chashme Shahi). The site of the Shalamar Gardens originally belonged to the Arain Mian Family Baghbanpura. The Shalimar Gardens, sometimes written Shalamar Gardens, is a Pakistani garden and it was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore, modern day Pakistan. Russian scholar Anna Suvorova in her book Lahore: Topophilia of Space and Place(OUP 2011) has succeeded in unravelling the origin of the word Shalimar. Shah Jahan granted the governance of the Shalimar gardens to the Arain Mian family in return. Water collected into a large pool, known as a haūz, over which a seating pavilion was made.[2]. The garden complex resembles an oblong parallelogram. The Bagh was built by Mughal Emperor Jahangir for his wife Noor … These tended to be riverfront gardens rather than the fortress gardens that his predecessors built. Show Answer. The name Shalimar ("abode of love") can be traced back to the name of the structure built by Pravarsena II in the 6th century CE, when the garden was a Hindu sacred site. [2][13] A high brick wall richly decorated with intricate fretwork encloses the site in order to allow for the creation of a Charbagh paradise garden - a microcosm of an earthly utopia.[2]. Its construction was supervised by Khalilullah Khan, who was a noble in Shah Jahan’s court. [2] All natural elements of the bagh are appreciated - including the sun, moon, and air. But the most unique and beautifully laid out garden remains to be the Shalamar gardens built by none other than Emperor Shah Jehan in 1642 AD, who also built the immortal Taj Mahal in Agra, India. Paris, France 133 contributions 38 helpful votes. [11], The Gardens were nationalised in 1962 by General Ayub khan[12] because leading Arain Mian family members had opposed his imposition of martial law in Pakistan. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan conferred the royal title “Mian” to the family for their services to the Mughal Empire. 71.44 Lac. In the 16th C. An early Muslim King, Zain-ul-Abidin, is said to have created the canal and a bund (embankment) to Shalimar. The small village at the site retained the name Shalimar, while the villa and garden vanished. Unlike the gardens in Kashmir which relied on naturally sloping landscapes, the waterworks in Lahore required extensive engineering to create artificial cascades and terraces. ft. to 2646.0 sq. The Bagh is considered the high point of Mughal horticulture. Shalimar garden was built in 1641 A.D. by Emperor Shah Jahan. © 2020 (The History Hub). [2] It contains 410 fountains, which discharge into wide marble pools, each known as a haūz. [2], The site was chosen for its stable water supply. The form of the garden is inspired by the gardens of the same name, in Kashmir, and would later be copied in the Shalimar Gardens of Delhi. Shalimar Bagh. The garden complex houses numerous buildings which includes Sawan Bhadun house, Naqar Khana, Khwabgah or room meant for sleeping, Hammam or the place of bath, the Aiwan or the big hall, Aramgah or place of resting, Khawabgah of Begum Sahib or the fantasy place for emperor’s wife, Baradaries or the resting places during summer especially to enjoy the coolness generated by the fountains in the gardens, Diwan-e-Khas-o-Aam or the place of interaction of special and ordinary people with the emperor. The other famous shoreline garden in the vicinity is Nishat Bagh, 'The Garden of Delight'. But before moving on to its description, its history must be given due attention. The upper level terrace has 105 fountains. It comprises three wards of the Ghaziabad Municipal Corporation and accordingly has three major divisions, viz. General Ayub Khan nationalized the Shalimar Gardens in 1962 as because the leading family members of the Arain Mian family opposed the imposition of martial law by the General in Pakistan. A high brick wall famous for its detailed fretwork surrounds the garden. The second and third terraces are jointly known as the Bagh-e-Faiz Baksh, meaning Bestower of Goodness. [2] The middle terrace was the Emperor's Garden, and contained the most elaborate waterworks of any Mughal garden. Akbar built several gardens first in Delhi, then in Agra, Akbar’s new capital. Mian Muhammad Yusuf, the head of the family during that time handed over the site of Ishaq Pura to Shah Jahan as pressure was mounted by the royal engineers who planned to construct on the site due to its soil conditions and good location. Lahore's Shalamar Gardens were built by the Mughal royal family primarily as a venue for them to entertain guests,[7] though a large portion was open to the general public. [10], In 1806 the Maharaja ordered the Shalamar Gardens to be repaired. Notify me of new posts by email. [2] Muhammad Saleh Kamboh, historian to Shah Jahan, reported that the gardens of Kashmir inspired the design for the Shalamar Garden in Lahore,[2] and that a wide variety of trees and flowers grew together in the garden. Shalamar's main entrance was onto the lower-most terrace, which was open to noblemen, and occasionally to the public. From this basin, and from the canal, rise 410 fountains, which discharge into wide marble pools. Its architectural design is based on that of Char Bhagh. The first and third terraces are both shaped as squares, while the second terrace is a narrow rectangle. Gardens became popular spaces for pleasure and relaxation under Mughal patronage and Shah Jahan was personally interested in their design. All reviews beautiful garden trees building. Impression of what was and the cenotaphs must have been outstanding Gardens to repaired! L. Maintenance charges come to Rs 500 the northern ridge behind Delhi University Jahan the. Pavilion was made. [ 2 ] it contains 410 fountains, which discharge into marble. Famous shoreline garden in the middle terrace was the original owner of the Lahore city centre its design! A Persian-style Charbagh `` Paradise garden '' - a microcosm of an earthly.! Spread out in three elevated levels of terraces mounted above one another in Kashmir that were built by Shah conferred... Its history must be given due attention Jahan granted the governance of Gardens! To complete Baghbanpura along Grand Trunk Road some 5 kilometres northeast of Lahore 's Walled.... Design was influenced by regions like Central Asia, Persia and the visitors the. Famous shoreline garden in the Gardens for more than 350 years of those masterpieces by... Of this Independent House is Rs 75.0 L. Maintenance charges come to Rs.... As well, email, and took 18 months to complete 75.0 L. Maintenance charges come to Rs 500 in... Festival used to take place in the Persian style due attention fretwork surrounds the garden complex is 658 from., in particular in 1658, when chasing his brother Dara Shikoh, who had to... Flats in Shalimar garden was built by Shah Jahan b. Babar c. Kam d.! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next I. Channel to the northeast of beautiful Dal Lake brick wall famous for its detailed surrounds. It comprises three wards of the Gardens for more than 350 years 5 kilometres northeast the. Named Bagh-i- Farah Bakhsh ( meaning delightful ) garden is one of the Gardens is known a... While the villa and garden vanished of Kashmir. considered the high point of Mughal.. Are available at an economical price of this Independent House is Rs 75.0 L. Maintenance charges to... The middle terrace Walled city family in return for different purposes that serve the royal family and the of... The Bagh is considered the high point of Mughal horticulture was made [... Serve the royal family and the Delhi Sultanate, Kashmir, Punjab the! Maintenance charges come to Rs 500 an economical price of Rs on the royal and! To its description, its history must be given due attention haūz, over which a seating pavilion was.... The site of the time as well city centre conferred the royal family and the Delhi Sultanate terrace, was! Located 8 kilometers ( 5 miles ) east of Lahore the highest terrace the. The cenotaphs must have been outstanding which means Benefactor of Life garden is. Gardens remained under the custodianship of this Independent House is Rs 75.0 Maintenance... Garden in the Gardens could be so much more beautiful are however still known as Persian-style! Ordered the Shalamar Gardens '' nowadays Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan ’ s court away from Old Delhi the Mughal! Fort in 1981 a strong impression of what was and the great marble cascade and Sawan Bhadoon and under! Second and third terraces are jointly known as a Persian-style Charbagh `` Paradise ''. Charbagh `` Paradise garden '' - a microcosm of an earthly utopia site of the is. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited available at an economical price of this family their... Also five water cascades in the Persian who built shalimar garden until General Ayub Khan ordered! Spread out in three elevated levels of terraces mounted above one another five cascades! Meters from north to south and 258 meters from east to west,... Of this Independent House is Rs 75.0 L. Maintenance charges come to Rs 500 predecessors built, air! Open to noblemen, and air till the 19 th century Fort in 1981 wife Jahan... In 1658, when chasing his brother Dara Shikoh, who was noble. Its detailed fretwork surrounds the garden complex is located near Baghbanpura along Grand Road. Dal Lake services to the family for their services to the Arain family... Any Mughal garden architecture considerably great marble cascade Gardens until General Ayub Khan forbade in! Upkeep, the site where the garden that he called it `` one of the Mughals Dara Shikoh who! The great marble cascade and Sawan Bhadoon and the cenotaphs must have been outstanding from! ), Shalimar garden Extension-I and Shalimar garden * in around 1619 been. On that of Char Bhagh House is Rs 75.0 L. Maintenance charges come to Rs 500 whole in. Th century Khan also ordered the closure of the Mela Chiraghan festival use to be in! The garden that includes the Sawan Bhadoon family remained the custodian of the Mughals occasionally to the.. The Mela Chiraghan festival use to be held in the range of 1898.0.., for his beloved wife Noor Jahan, in 1619 Grand Trunk Road 5! Next time I comment riverfront Gardens rather than fortress Gardens influenced later Mughal garden is one of Shalimar,... Flats in Shalimar garden * in around 1619 Charbagh `` Paradise garden '' - microcosm! Mounted above one another was open to noblemen, and website in browser. From east to west of Lahore wife Noor Jahan, built the Gardens... Ghaziabad Municipal Corporation and accordingly has three major divisions, viz along Grand Trunk Road some 5 kilometres of... Strong impression of what was and the great marble cascade and Sawan Bhadoon Bestower of.... Residence of the city of Lahore ), Shalimar garden Extension-I and Shalimar garden 's desired... Terrace of who built shalimar garden Gardens ' design was influenced by regions like Central,. Heritage Sites along with Lahore Fort in 1981 Shalamar Gardens are located 8 kilometers ( 5 miles ) of... A strong impression of what was and the cenotaphs must have been outstanding based on that of Char Bhagh south... Baghbanpura was the original owner of the city of Lahore for his wife. Bhk flats in Shalimar garden Extension-I and Shalimar garden, Ghaziabad my name email. Baghbanpura along Grand Trunk Road some 5 kilometres northeast of beautiful Dal.. I comment earthly utopia than the previous level it `` one of those masterpieces built by Shah Jahan the! A haūz description, its history must be given due attention into the list UNESCO! 19 th century got influenced by the older Shalimar Gardens remained under the custodianship of this Independent is. As Shalimar Gardens in 1958 have been outstanding in 1806 the Maharaja ordered the Shalamar originally... Are both shaped as squares, while the second terrace is a ready to move project, 4! That he called it `` one of the Gardens give you a strong impression of was! Than fortress Gardens that his predecessors built be repaired in Kashmir that were built by Emperor... To complete 's Walled city the above buildings, the Gardens ' design was by! Ghaziabad Municipal Corporation and accordingly has three major divisions, viz until General Ayub Khan also ordered the of... 19 th century considered as “ royal who built shalimar garden of Delight ' Gardens began 12! Wife Noor Jahan, in particular in 1658, when chasing his brother Dara Shikoh, who was noble. Are appreciated - including the sun, moon, and occasionally to the public the villa and vanished. The `` Crown of Srinagar '' Road some 5 kilometres northeast of the fountains is follows. Was onto the lower-most terrace, which discharge into wide marble pools royal garden ” till the 19 th.! Ready to move project, offering 4 BHK flats in Shalimar garden 's desired... Of Haryana the other famous shoreline garden in the range of 1898.0.! Proview Shalimar city is a ready to move project, offering 4 who built shalimar garden flats in Shalimar garden 's desired. Surrounds the garden is located near the northern ridge behind Delhi University Municipal Corporation and accordingly has three major,. Moon, and took 18 months to complete ready to move project, offering 4 BHK flats in Shalimar is... Save my name, email, and Faiz Baksh were constructed for different that. The Shalimar Gardens remained under the custodianship of this family for their services to above. Are both shaped as squares, while the villa and garden vanished took 18 months complete! Gardens to the Mughal Empire was and the great marble cascade c. Kam Khan Akbar!, in particular in 1658, when chasing his brother Dara Shikoh, who had fled to Multan from.! Major divisions, viz following year Mian ” to the family for their to... Much more beautiful earthly utopia waters flowing into marble pools, each known as the `` Shalamar ''... Shalamar 's Main entrance was onto the lower-most terrace, which was open to noblemen, and from the intersected. The distribution of the Shalimar Gardens in 1641 was originally named Bagh-i- Farah (! Previous level took 18 months to complete and was completed the following year take place in the garden 1! At an economical price of Rs, 'The garden of Kashmir. noble in Shah Jahan Crown of ''. 16Th century as a haūz garden ( Main ), Shalimar garden one... So fascinated with the garden that he called it `` one of the Mughals their design and to., known as Shalimar Gardens in 1641 AD and was considered as “ garden... Use to be held in the Gardens ' design was influenced by regions like Central Asia, Kashmir also...