KURU: Ancient king and founder of the Kuru dynasty. He became king in Hastinapura after Pându retired to … Even though we are in the Mahabharata, the tales of Pandavas & kauravas, into it come the lives and histories of countless other kings, sages, gods, demons. They lived in a forest until the deat He passed semen, which fell into a clump of reeds, and a boy and girl were born from it. Overcome with grief and rage, he slaughters most of the Pandava camp in a single night offensive. He was a maharatha (a warrior capable of contending with ten thousand other warriors) warrior renowned for his expertise with a sword. … He was expert in the use of weapons, and both Drona and Drupada studied under him. He conquered southern Bharata before Yudhisthhira's Rajasuya sacrifice. Bhishma was blessed with a boon from his father that he could choose the time of his death or he may remain immortal till he desires. He was the 1st son of Kunti(mother of Pandavas). Why does 我是长头发 mean "I have long hair" and not "I am long hair". What is a 7th chord and why is it important? His father, Pandu, had reigned for many years, offering the utmost satisfaction to his subjects. He became famous as the hearer of the Bhâgavata Purâna from the sage Sukadeva Goswâmî [see: SB: Canto 2 : Ch 8]. GAN-dhari: wife of Dhritarashtra. [SB, Canto 9, Chapter 22, verse 8]. Vyasa [Vee-YA-sha]: narrator of the story and father of Pandu and Dhritarashtra. both @noob and @Ishika are correct in their statements but just to make things a little more clear, the father of Kauravas (Dhritarashtra) and the father of Pandavas (Pandu) were brothers wherein Dhritarashtra was the elder brother but he was blind since birth that is why it was decided that Pandu would become the next king of Hastinapur. Kunti-Bhoja (or Kuntibhoja) was the adoptive father and cousin of Queen Kunti. What is the story behind the birth of Dhritarashtra and Pandu? Other names of Karna include Vasusena, Vaikarthana and Radheya. But first, some background. Is this true? [SB: C1:7,8,9,10,12,14,15,17; C2:7; C3:1], ASHVINI KUMARAS: Twin gods who act as celestial physicians. She married Vichitravirya and, after his death, became Dhritarâshthra's mother by union with Vyâsadeva. Her origin is described in various Vedic texts, including Bhâgavata Purâna (see SB, Canto 5, Ch. DHRITARÂSTRA: The blind son of Vyâsadeva, born of Ambikâ after the death of her husband, Vichitravirya. The Purânas and Mahâbhârata contain many stories about Durvasa. This book of approx. SUBHADRÂ: Krishna's sister, (daughter of Devakî and Vasudeva) said to be an incarnation of Yogamâyâ, the Lord's personified spiritual energy. Satyavati asks Bhishma to marry Ambika and Ambalika - which Bhishma refuses as he vowed to be unmarried. [See SB, Canto 1, Ch. In the eyes of Duryodhana the Pandavas obviously were intruders and he was not able to understand why his father Dhritarashtra was so indulgent to them. When Shalva rejected her as a wife because she had been touched by another, she developed an intense hatred for Bhîshma. He is said to be an expansion of S'iva. AGNIVESHA: A rishi who underwent severe austerities on Mount Mahendra. The warriors who attacked you were from a race of demons who fought with Ravana against Rama." A devotee of Krishna, he was the commander of the Yadu army. In theory, both the Pandavas and the Kauravas are descendants of King Kuru, but the Pandavas, who were the sons of Pandu, chose to carry their father’s name and not the identity of the clan. Dhritarashtra’s hundred sons were the Kauravas; Pandu’s five sons, the Pandavas. The epitome of womanly skills, she once gave advice on how to serve a husband to Satyabhama, one of Krishna's principal wives. Karna was 3rd commander-in-chief of Kauravas army. Why did Bhishma fight with Lord Parashurama? She was said to be an expansion of the Goddess Lakshmi. Later she became Pându's mother by union with Vyâsadeva. A story is told in the Skanda Purâna that Bhîma became a little proud after the war, considering that it was by his own power that he had achieved success in the war. The story of their marriage and Bharata's birth is recounted in the Mahâbhârata's Adi Parva. Said to be an expansion of the deity presiding over the Dvapara age (third in the cycle of four ages), he was slain at Kurukshetra by Sahadeva. Drupada was also known as Yajnasena, and is said to be an expansion of the celestial Maruts. Duryodhana is especially jealous of the Pandavas, knowing that Yudhisthira is his rival to the throne of Hastinapura. DHRISTAKETU: A son of Sisupala, king of the Chedis, who befriended the Pândavas and supplied them with an akshauhini division of troops for the Kurukshetra war. Kripa was taught Dhanurveda, the martial arts, by his father, and he became one of the Kurus' martial teachers. He took his training from Lord Parasurama, a fierce Brahmin and the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. 9]. The Bhâgavata Purâna describes the history of his inimical relationship with Krishna. Anga Raja Karna was one of the mighty warier in the epic Mahabharata. In fact, the word Pandava means “descendants of Pandu.” Here are some other epithets that have been given to the Pandavas. Kunti was a daughter of King Shurasena but was later given to Kuntibhoja since he was devoid of children. SAÑJAYA: Dhritarâstra's charioteer and secretary. Ironically, the only living person at the time of the Mahabharata war who had blood from the actual royal family of Hastinapura was Bhishma, the one person who couldn't be king or have children. Besides being married to Draupadî, he married a princess of Madra named Vijaya. So to sum up, the Kauravas had the blood of Vyasa, and thus some small amount of blood from Shantanu's wife Satyavati, albeit not the blood of Shantanu himself. He became king in Hastinapura after Pându retired to … The Vedas contain innumerable references to Nârada's activities and teachings. S'RÎMAD BHÂGAVATAM: (Bhâgavad Purâna), 'The Story of the Fortunate One'. When Shantanu died Chitrangada became king, but he soon died after a confrontation with a Gandharva because the two of them had the same name (yes, really!). He formed an enmity with Drona after the latter had come to him for charity and had been refused. Was Rishi Vyasa the great grandson of Rishi Vashishtha? He performed a Rajasuya sacrifice which established him as world emperor. Karna was the eldest of the Pandava brothers and the sixth Pandava, discovered only at his deathbed in the war by his younger brothers. Stolen today. He gave a boon to Gandhari that she would be blessed with 100 sons equal in might to her lord and accomplishments. Details of her life can be found in the Bhâgavata Purâna Canto 10, Chapter 1 [see also: Bhagavatha Vahini, Ch. Satyaki belongs to the Vrishi clan of Yadavas, to which Krishna also belongs. The famed rishi (sage), Dwaipayana, of dark complexion and incomparable merit, once happened to stop by at Hastinapur. She worshipped S'iva and obtained a boon that she would kill Bhîshma in her next life. Place where the war, described in the Mahâbhârata, took place and where Krishna spoke His Gîtâ to Arjuna. The five brothers were Prativindhya, Satanika, Sutasoma, Srutasena and … Which Upaniṣadic story is she referring to? Krishna killed him at Yudhisthhira's Rajasuya sacrifice [SB C10-74]. Finally Pandu retired, to the forest. He conquered the western regions of Bharata, before Yudhisthhira's Rajasuya sacrifice. The word “Pandava” has been derived from their father’s name, which is Pandu. Details of his life are found in the Bhâgavata Purâna. CHITRASENA: King of the Gandharvas who taught Arjuna the arts of singing and dancing while he was in heaven. Said to be an expansion of Brihaspati, the celestial seer and preceptor of the gods. DHRITARÂSTRA:The blind son of Vyâsadeva, born of Ambikâ after the death of her husband, Vichitravirya. Mahabharata Characters list – Mahabharata is one of the two most famous epics of Hindus.It is a representation of the struggle between 2 groups of cousins in the Kurukshetra War. Yudhisthhira: Eldest Pândava, born from the union of Kuntî and the god Dharma. AMBÂLIKÂ: The king of Kâs'î's youngest daughter. 8 and SB, Canto 9, Chapter 15]. When Vichitravirya became of marriageable age, Bhishma heard that the king of Kashi was holding a Swayamvara for his daughters Amba, Ambika, and Ambalika. Source: Mahâbhârata, The Greatest Spiritual Epic of All Time, Retold by Krishna Dharma (Torchlight Publishing) & S'rîmad Bhâgavatam - http://srimadbhagavatam.org & Bhagavad Gîtâ - http://gita.srimadbhagavatam.org, ABHIMANYU: The son of Arjuna and Subhadrâ. The Pandavas, on the other hand, didn't even have the blood of Vyasa, being the sons of gods. He was Baka's brother, and bore enmity toward Bhîma because Bhîma slew his brother. … So yes, this does mean that biologically the Kauravas were the grandchildren of Vyasa, since they were the sons of Dhritarashtra and Gandhari. But Satyavati's (adopted) father Matsyagandha, the chief of a fisherman tribe, wouldn't consent to the marriage, because he was afraid that Bhishma and his descendants would rule Hastinapura rather than Satyavati's children. As he ran he encountered a number of powerful Asuras. PÂNDU: Father of the Pândava's born to Vichitravirya's widow queen Ambalika by the grace of Vyâsadeva. Krishna sent Bhîma to find the source of the lake. Kauravas and Pandavas belong to a line of dynasty that starts with Bharata. He lived a long life and was an advisor to Dhritarâshthra. The Mahâbhârata contains many stories about him. [SB, C10-3] Details of his life and previous births are given in the Bhâgavata Purâna. S'IS'UPÂLA: King of Chedi and an avowed enemy of Krishna. She agreed and they united on an island in the middle of the river, which Parasara shrouded from view by creating volumes of mist. His son's name is S'ukadeva [see SB, Canto 1, Ch 1], the famous reciter of the Bhâgavata Purâna. Getting different total magnetic moment in 'scf' and 'vc-relax' calculations in Quantum ESPRESSO, How to play computer from a particular position on chess.com app. DEVAKÎ: Krishna's mother and the wife of Vasudeva, a chief of the Vrishni clan. He said to Bhîma, "This lake was contained in Kumbhakarna's skull, the Rakshasa killed by Râma in a previous age [see Ramakatha Rasavahini-2, Ch. Having once pleased Vyâsadeva by her service, she was blessed by the sage that she would have one hundred sons. Thus he became Vidura. From childhood he formed an enmity with the Pândavas, which later resulted in the Kurukshetra war. The Kauravas are biological descendants of Vyasa, but the Pandavas are not, as I'll explain below. Drona was later born from that pot. The Pandavas fought the Great Kurukshetra War against their cousins Kauravas for the throne of Hastinapur. He was named Parîkchit, meaning 'the examiner', as the brahmins said he would come to examine all men in his search for the Supreme Lord, whom he saw while still an embryo in his mother's womb [see Bhagavatha Vahini, Ch. The boy drank it and danced in glee, saying "I have tasted milk!" Her own father, Surasena, had given her as a baby to his close friend King Kuntibhoja, who had no children. He joined with the Pândavas in the Kurukshetra war, bringing an akshauhini divison of warriors. AKRÛRA: Krishna's uncle and a famous Vrishni. NÂRADA: A celestial sage also known as Devarshi, or the rishi among the gods [see for example: SB - Canto 1 : Ch. So Kunti used the mantra to have three sons - Yudhishtra from Yama the god of death, Arjuna from Indra, and Bhima from Vayu the wind god. What were the previous births of the characters of Mahabharata? 44], VIDURA: Son of Vyâsadeva and a palace maidservant. But all the five sons are not naturally born. And she taught the mantra to Madri who used it to have two sons, Nakula and Sahadeva, with the two Ashwini Kumaras. Irawati Karve says “Vidura is the biological father of Yudhiṣṭhira”. He was the father of the Kauravas. The eldest of these was Duryodhana, was still younger tha the eldest Pandava - Yudhisthira. Although the Pândavas' friend, and having a particular friendship with Yudhisthhira, he was tricked by Duryodhana into fighting for the Kauravas at Kurukshetra. Though the Kauravas and the Pandavas grew up together playing and learning together, in mirth and merriment, the division into two camps became evident from their childhood. He was the ruler of the Kunti Kingdom. 3. Karna grows up to be an accomplished warrior of extraordinary abilities, a gifted speaker and becomes a … [SB: C1:13; C3:2,4,5,10,13,20; C4:13,31]. ALAMBUSHA: A râkshasa who fought for Duryodhana in the Kurukshetra war. [SB, C10-74] Famous for his adherence to virtue and truth, he is also known as Dharmaraja, as well as Ajatashatru, which means "one who has no enemies." 2]. Bharata was born from the union of King Dushyanta and the daughter of Kanva Rishi, named Shakuntala. This confusion came into my mind after watching Ekta Kapoor's 'Kahani Mahabharat Ki..' TV serial. DRONA (DRONÂCÂRYA): The Kurus' martial teacher. His Evil Virtues of loyalty mark tie him to Duryodhana's side, and he dies a tragic death, killed dishonorably by his own brother. How fascinating is this story! In her previous life she was an ascetic woman named Nalayani who received a boon from S'iva that she would have five husbands in her next life. Then Matsyagandha agreed to the marriage, and in due course of time, Shantanu and Satyavati had two sons, Vichitravirya and Chitrangadaa. So Bhishma made a vow that he would never become king, and that he would remain celibate so that his descendants could never claim the throne. How did Satyavati die and how old was she at the time? A powerful mahâratha, he fought for the Pândavas at Kurukshetra, surviving both the war and subsequent massacre of sleeping soldiers by As'vatthâmâ. AMBA: The king of Kâs'î's eldest daughter. Surprisingly, at t… JAYADRATHA: King of Sindhu who married Dhritarâstra's daughter Dushala. He is particularly famous for having granted Kuntî the boon that she could summon any god to do her will, which resulted in the births of the Pândavas from five principal deities. And with Madri, he has two sons, namely Nakula and Sahadeva. SUSHARMA: King of Trigarta and brother of Duryodhana's wife, Bhanumati. So Shantanu's widow Satyavati sent for the sage Vyasa, a son she had with the sage Parashara before she met Shantanu, and told him to father sons with the two queens. In this position why shouldn't the knight capture the rook? The five brothers shared a wife, Draupadi. Kaurava is a Sanskrit term for the descendants of King Kuru (or simply Kurava in Tamil), a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahābhārata.The well-known Kauravas are Duryodhana, Dushasana, Vikarna, Yuyutsu and Dussala. Chitrasena was also the name of a king of Trigarta who fought with the Kauravas, and also the name of one of Karna's sons. He is famed for being one of the pivotal negative characters of the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata – a villain, who is believed to have veritably changed the landscape of the epic. Can any one tell me what make and model this bike is? Although a powerful kshatriya, he preferred cunning and underhanded methods to open combat. In the epic, he becomes the emperor of Indraprastha and later of Hastinapura (Kuru). ARJUNA: Third son of Pându and Kuntî, begotten by Indra. Or was it Vidura who was the son of Vyasa? AS'VATTHÂMÂ: Son of Drona and Kripî. PARAS'URÂMA: A rishi said to be an empowered incarnation of Vishnu. So now the kingdom faced an uncertain future, because Vichitravirya and Chitrangadu was dead, and Bhishma could not have children, which meant there was no prospect of heirs to the throne. VYÂSADEVA: The sage who authored the Mahâbhârata. Though the Kauravas and the Pandavas grew up together playing and learning together, in mirth and merriment, the division into two camps became evident from their childhood. 2. Ambika's Maid servant comes to serve Vyasa and Vyasa thinks she is the 3rd Daughter in Law of Satyavati and has to be impregnated. Remembering his enmity from his previous life, he vowed to kill Bhîshma. The Bhâgavata Purâna describes his previous existence as Jaya, a gatekeeper in the spiritual Vaikunthha world. Under what circumstances has the USA invoked martial law? SHALYA: Ruler of Madra and brother of Pându's second wife Madri. He was killed by Arjuna at Kurukshetra and went to the sun planet. The younger brother of Devala, another famous rishi. He was slain by Arjuna. It only takes a minute to sign up. Qin is pronounced “chin”). He was in that position for two days from 16th-day to the 17th-day. It is said in the Bhâgavata Purâna that his elder brother, Devapi, still lives on earth in a place called Kalapa, awaiting the commencement of the next Satya-yuga (golden age) when he will become king. MARKENDEYA: An ancient rishi said to have lived through thousands of ages. He was related to both the Pandavas and the Kauravas through his half-brother, Vichitravirya (Son of Satyavati). 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