Lanceolate to oblanceolate, slightly toothed leaves (to 1.5” long) are glossy dark green above and paler beneath. Ideal pot plant for shaded balconies. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Bonsai Pro Fertilizer 8 oz - $14.00 Bonsai Beginners Course - $29.99 8" Pruning Shears - $17.00 Humidity Tray 11" - $11.00 Qty: Share: Add to Bag Description … These plants tend to be grown for their magnificent flowers that come into full bloom in spring time. Blooms are carried in small clusters of two to five, each flower is 4-5cm across and may be single or double, sometimes with ruffled petals. First and foremost among its reasons for popularity is that it flowers spectacularly. Rhododendrons and azaleas are susceptible to many insect and disease problems, including but not limited to canker, crown rot, root rot, leaf spot, rust, powdery mildew, aphids, borers, lacebugs, leafhoppers, mealybugs, mites, nematodes, scale, thrips and whitefly. View gallery. Wildlife Value: Members of the genus Rhododendron support the following specialized bee: Andrena (Andrena) cornelli. This plant is moderately salt tolerant. Satsuki azaleas are mainly cultivated as bonsai because of the immense abundance of flowers. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. To keep the plant compact, pinch the growing tips frequently between the end of blooming and late June or early July. Poor drainage inevitably leads to root rot, therefore raised beds/plantings should be considered in heavy clay soils such as those present in much of the St. Louis area. She is an Oregon State University Master Gardener and Master Naturalist and holds a Master of Fine Arts in creative nonfiction writing. Clip off spent flower clusters immediately after bloom as practicable. Mag., t. 1480, not L.; R. indicum var. Woody, evergreen or deciduous shrub in the Ericaceae family. There are more than 1000 Satsuki azaleas. It is an evergreen which in the wild grows as a small shrub (up to six feet). The Rhododendron genus contains about 1000 species, of which especially the Satsuki azalea (Rhododendron indicum) and Kurume azalea (Rhododendron kiusianum and Rhododendron kaempferi) are commonly used for Bonsai. Rhododendron (including the subsumed genus Azalea) confirms the wide use ofthe term as a geographical descriptor for plants of various species native to the Orient. simsii (Planch.) There are hundreds of azalea cultivars. Shallow, fibrous root systems (do not cultivate around plants) will benefit greatly from a mulch (e.g., wood chips, bark or pine needles) to help retain moisture and stabilize soil temperatures. A spot under a tall tree is an excellent planting location for evergreen azalea, as the plant thrives in dappled or filtered sunlight. An evergreen or semi-evergreen shrub 3 to 8 ft high in the wild; young shoots clad with appressed, flattened, forward-pointing hairs. It is native to Japan and has showy hot pink flowers that bloom in mid to late spring, usually 1-2 weeks after R. kiusianum. It prefers a sun dappled or high open shade. Although evergreen azalea requires constant moisture, well-draining soil is critical as the plant doesn't tolerate wet roots. Avoid applying fertilizer after July 1, as fertilizing late in the season stimulates tender new growth that is prone to damage by frost. Commonly known as evergreen azalea, Rhododendron indicum is an attractive shrub with shiny, deep green leaves that display a hint of red during the winter. Azaleas don't like alkaline soils, wet feet, or root disturbance - so mulch around them to avoid digging into their fine roots. The variety of flower shapes and especially colours is impressive. Attached is a picture of a white Rhododendron/Azalea from Ooty Botanical Garden captured in November 2013. Roots must never be allowed to dry out. In general, Satsuki varieties are late flowering (May-June) with 3-10cm large flowers. Maxim. As it decomposes, mulch enriches the soil and helps to maintain the proper pH. Description Southern Indian Azalea is a small semi-evergreen shrub that grows up to 6' and is dense and spreading. Rhododendron indicum AGE: 8 HEIGHT: 12 - 14" Current stock: 0. Bloom Time: Late Midseason to Late. Evergreen azalea needs soil that is constantly moist but never soggy, as the shrub is prone to rot in muddy soil. Evergreen azalea, which thrives in acidic soil with a pH of less than 6.5, benefits from addition of generous quantities of organic matter, such as bark chips or pine needles, at planting time. The azalea used to be considered a separate genus from the rhododendron, but has recently been reclassified. 1 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Satsuki azaleas bonsai (Rhododendron indicum) belong to the group of hardy outdoor bonsai trees and should therefore be kept outdoors. Rhododendron, Satsuki Azalea, Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea 'Red Bird' Rhododendron indicum. The distribution of the woody species Rhododendron indicum, which grows along rivers and is able to withstand water flow when rivers flood (i.e. Evergreen compact shrub about 60-90cm (23-35 inch) tall that thrives in acidic soils. ‘Macrantha’ is a commonly sold cultivar of this species. Rhododendrons look best when planted in large beds with other rhododendrons, azaleas and suitable companion plants. Pues aquí os dejo un vídeo en el que quiero compartir con vosotr@s las azaleas satsuki. It is native to the mountains of Japan. Dwarf Indica (Gumpo) Azalea; Phonetic Spelling rho-doh-DEN-dron er-ee-oh-KAR-pum This plant has high severity poison characteristics. Rhododendron, Satsuki Azalea, Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea 'George L. Taber' Rhododendron indicum. This azalea is reportedly winter hardy to 0 degrees F. It is not reliably winter hardy in USDA Zone 6 (including St. Louis) where it must be well mulched and sited in a protected location insulated from winter winds. Transferred from the Greek name for Nerium oleander.Specific epithet means of India but this plant is native to Japan.R. Muy buenas! An eastern or northern exposure also works well. The difference between Satsuki and Azalea is determined by the time when new shoots grow out, the flowering time, the size of flowers, and the gloss of leaves. Azalea bonsai care in a nutshell: Fertilisation: Fertilize liberally from March to September with bonsai fertilizer for azaleas, Irrigation: Do not keep too dry. Rhododendron indicum (L.) Sweet (=Azalea indica L.) Colour variants: Pink, White, Variegated. Dyer began her writing career as a staff writer at a community newspaper and is now a full-time commercial writer. Satsuki azaleas (Rhododendron indicum) are native to Japan, where the hybrid plants have been both prized and developed for centuries. Acidify soils as needed. Water immediately to distribute the fertilizer evenly and to prevent scorching the roots. Funnel-shaped, red to scarlet flowers (to 2.5” diameter) bloom in trusses in late (May). In St. Louis, site this shrub in protected locations, including along walls and foundations that face south. Where winter hardy, grow in mass, in groups or as specimens in shrub borders, mixed borders, woodland gardens and shade gardens. A 2- to 3-inch layer of organic mulch, such as oak leaves, pine needles or wood chips, stabilizes soil temperature, keeping the roots cooler in summer and warmer in winter. Deciduous Azaleas are taller, reaching 120-150cm (4'-5') in 10 years, and lose their leaves in the autumn, often with some wonderful colours first. General information about Rhododendron indicum (RHOIN) Japan (Honshu, Kyushu), endemic. Although rhododendrons are more spectacular than azaleas, their smaller cousins, azalea hybrids are more popular locally as they are better suited to our climate. Flowers in spring and spot flowers summer/autumn. Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan. New Search "Printer Friendly" Page: More Information: Rhododendron indicum Photo: Rhododendron Species Foundation (ac81-084) Predominant Flower Color: Red. Water the plant deeply to saturate the roots, and then withhold water until the top of the soil feels slightly dry to the touch. Lanceolate to oblanceolate, slightly toothed leaves (to 1.5” long) are glossy dark green above and paler beneath. To keep the shrub tidy and to promote healthy growth, snap off wilted flower clusters regularly throughout the blooming season. It is the type species for the Tsutsusi section and subsection, and was the original Tsutsusi described by Engelbert Kaempfer in Japan in 1712, from the Japanese name Kirishima-tsutsuji. Trim wayward branches and remove dead or damaged growth as needed to maintain a balanced appearance. The leaves of the smaller azalea are usually pointed and narrow; the leaves of the rhododendron are generally large and leathery. Rhododendron indicum Common Name: Satsuki Azalea. Use a fertilizer formulated for acid-loving plants, such as a product labeled for azaleas and rhododendrons. Evergreen Azaleas, (sometimes called Japanese azaleas) keep their leaves in winter, and typically grow to 40-80cm (18"-30") in 10 years. Azalea Plant Search. Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea (Rhododendron indicum) in the Rhododendrons Database The Top Azaleas and Rhododendrons By dave on April 11, 2015 It's Rhododendrons Celebration Week! Good soil drainage is essential (doesn’t like “wet feet”). Both are members of the Rhododendron family. Synonyms: Azalea indica sens. Commonly known as evergreen azalea, Rhododendron indicum is an attractive shrub with shiny, deep green leaves that display a hint of red during the winter. She writes about a variety of topics, with a focus on sustainable, pesticide- and herbicide-free gardening. Cultivated variety of Azalea. These shrubs prefer climates with adequate rainfall and moist summers. Azalea (scientific name: Rhododendron ferrugineum) same family and same genus. Satsuki azalea is a cultivar group of the species Rhododendron indicum, a type of azalea extensively cultivated by the Japanese. It is a dense, semi-evergreen azalea that typically grows to 2-3’ tall. The persistent evergreen … The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. Show per page. They definitely prefer acidic soils so make sure you adjust the soil accordingly. I will try to send it to Rhododendron expert for species level identity. Companion plants include: Trees: Oaks, Magnolias, Japanese Maples, Styrax, Stewartias, Birch and Dogwoods. Azalea in Zen Reflections Pot - DT1217AZZ; Azalea in Zen Reflections Pot - DT1217AZZ. Synonyms: Rhododendron indicum Family: Ericaceae Common name: Azalea Shrub, Azalea indica, Azalea Inga Origin: Southern Indica azaleas (Azalea indica) are actually native to Japan and first introduced into Holland in 1680 but failed to catch on there. Evergreen azalea benefits from an application of fertilizer when the buds swell in early spring, and again after flowering ends. Although Linnaeus in 1753 named a particular plant as Azalea indica (Rhododendron indicum (L.) Sweet is derived from the Linnean basionym), during the two intervening centuries Description: Azalea indica ‘Inga’is a wonderful shrub for planting in under light, shade trees where the many flowering pink and white add a seasonal splash of colour. Flower/Truss Description: Broadly funnel shaped, vivid red to strong reddish orange. Rhododendron simsii Planch. Most varieties are compact and slow growing. The first Satsuki azaleas are probably naturally occurring crosses of the two azaleas Rhododendron indicum and Rhododendron tamurae. The soil should dry somewhat between each watering to promote air circulation around the roots, but the roots should never become totally dry. How to Grow Evergreen Girard's Rose Azaleas, How to Care for a Potted Freesia After Blooming, How to Care for Otto Luyken Laurel Plants, North Carolina State University Extension: Rhododendron Indicum, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhododendron Indicum, EasyBloom: Evergreen Azalea (Rhododendron Indicum), Washington State University Spokane County Extension: Rhododendrons. See below Description. A backdrop of evergreens in the distance will provide shelter and a compatible setting. Developed as a cultivated ornamental in Japan, now widely grown throughout the world as numerous cultivars known as azaleas Funnel-shaped, red to scarlet flowers (to 2.5” diameter) bloom in trusses in late (May). Sort By. ; R. indicum of many authors, in part, not (L.) Sweet. Inflorescence 1-2 flowered. Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan. The big, bright red blooms, decorate the landscape in mid-spring. Recommended Add-Ons. Azalea (Rhododendron simsii) is a shrub that grows to 2 m in height, with 2-3cm long leathery, egg-shaped leaves. The plant tolerates more sunlight in climates with cool summers, but protection from intense heat and sun is critical in climates with hot, dry summers. 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