A victor splintered and embittered, careening into the Third Reich. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? It was only in the early modern period that deutsch acquired the meaning of an ethnic self-designation. Reichstag definition, the lower house of the parliament during the period of the Second Reich and the Weimar Republic. The advent of national feeling and the movement to create an ethnically German Empire did lead directly to nationalism in 1871. Frankenreich or Fränkisches Reich is the German name given to the Frankish Kingdom of Charlemagne. During and following the Anschluss (annexation) of Austria in 1938, Nazi propaganda also used the political slogan Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer ("One people, one Reich, one leader"), in order to enforce pan-German sentiment. Not being Hitler, thank goodness, I can only answer based upon historical fact. The term "Reichstag" also remains in use in the German language as the term for the parliaments of some foreign monarchies, such as Sweden's Riksdag and Japan's pre-war Imperial Diet. Meaning of German Reich. Reich definition, (with reference to Germany) empire; realm; nation. The Fourth Reich (German: Viertes Reich) is a hypothetical future Nazi Reich that is the successor to Adolf Hitler's Third Reich (1933–1945). Two regions in Norway that were petty kingdoms before the unification of Norway around 900 AD have retained the word in the names (see Ringerike and Romerike). Reich was used by itself in the common German variant of the Holy Roman Empire, (Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR)). In the orginial design of 1900, stamps were inscribed Reichspost. Third Reich, official Nazi designation for the regime in Germany from January 1933 to May 1945, as the presumed successor of the Holy Roman Empire (800–1806; First Reich) and the German Empire (1871–1918; Second Reich). Reich synonyms, Reich pronunciation, Reich translation, English dictionary definition of Reich. Reich translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'Reich',Reiche',reichen',Reibach', examples, definition, conjugation Alternatively, it can refer to the current government of Germany that assumed power after World War II, or a nickname for the European Union with a negative connotation or to express German influence in the EU. In 1923 German cultural critic Arthur Moeller van den Bruck published Das Dritte Reich (1923; “The Third Empire,” or “Reich”). (with reference to Germany) empire; realm; nation. English Translation of “reich” | The official Collins German-English Dictionary online. (of XXI. "Rike" is also a now-archaic English word cognate with "reich". The term reich derives from the German word meaning realm, kingdom, or empire. In the history of Germany specifically, it is used to refer to: The term "Third Reich" was adopted by the Nazis as propaganda to legitimize their government as a successor to the retroactively renamed "First" and "Second" Reichs. Der rîche was a title for the Emperor. In 1930s Germany, the Nazi party identified their rule as a Third Reich and, in doing so, gave English speakers around the world a wholly negative connotation to the word. What Are Other Ways To Wish Someone A Merry Christmas? the German state, especially during the Nazi period. The cognate of the word Reich is used in all the Scandinavian languages with the identical meaning, i.e. Ideal for this state was the Holy Roman Empire; the legend arose that Germany were "un-defeated when unified", especially after the Franco-Prussian War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, lit. What does German Reich mean? [4][full citation needed] The terms Kaisertum (roughly "Emperordom") and Kaiserreich (“Emperor’s realm”, lit. 'rule'. Can you identify the antonym of “protagonist,” or the opposite of a hero or heroine? Maps were published, beyond the Rhine, showing large portions of Belgium painted in imperial red, like the rest of the Reich. The adjective form of the word, rik in Swedish and rig in Danish/Norwegian, means "rich", like in other Germanic languages. The Fourth Reich was first used as a rallying cry in the 1930s by German opponents of the Nazi regime. XVIII. Dictionary.com Unabridged Definition of German Reich in the Definitions.net dictionary. Führer or Heil); while in many contexts Reich is not one of them (Frankreich, France; Römisches Reich, Roman Empire), it can imply German imperialism or strong nationalism if it is used to describe a political or governmental entity. the Hohenzollern empire from 1871 to 1919 (, the Nazi dictatorship from 1933 to 1945 (, Top Nazis And Their Complicated Relationship With Artists, Inside ‘Maidan’: Sergei Loznitsa on His Ukrainian Uprising Doc and Putin’s ‘Fascist’ Regime, ‘The Embrace of Unreason’: How France Lost It All Between the Wars, History of Friedrich II. This was abolished in 1805 by Napoleon. The regime, which was very similar to the German Third Reich, was never put on trial. Examples include riksväg and riksvei, names for a national road in Swedish and Norwegian. reich translate: rich, wealthy, abundant, rich, wide, large, rich, richly, lavishly, empire, domain, realm, richly…. After 1918 "Reich" was usually not translated as "Empire" in English-speaking countries, and the title was instead simply used in its original German. Learn more about the history and significance of the Third Reich … The term Altes Reich ("old Reich"; cf. Both the noun (*rÄ«kijan) and the adjective (*rÄ«kijaz) are derivations based on a Common Germanic *rÄ«ks "ruler, king", reflected in Gothic as reiks, glossing ἄρχων "leader, ruler, chieftain". They adopted the term Drittes Reich ("Third Empire" – usually rendered in English in the partial translation "the Third Reich"), first used in a 1923 book entitled Das Dritte Reich by Arthur Moeller van den Bruck,[7] that counted the medieval Holy Roman Empire (which nominally survived until the 19th century) as the first and the 1871–1918 monarchy as the second, which was then to be followed by a "reinvigorated" third one. The German name of France, Frankreich, is a contraction of Frankenreich used in reference to the kingdom of France from the late medieval period. Frankenreich came to be used of Western Francia and medieval France after the development of Eastern Francia into the Holy Roman Empire. The common contemporary Latin legal term used in documents of the Holy Roman Empire was for a long time regnum ("rule, domain, empire", such as in Regnum Francorum for the Frankish Kingdom) before imperium was in fact adopted, the latter first attested in 1157, whereas the parallel use of regnum never fell out of use during the Middle Ages. The former German state, most often used to refer to the Third Reich, the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945. It is ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *reg-, lit. In a political sense in the Netherlands and Belgium the word rijk often connotes a connection with the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Belgium as opposed to the European part of the country or as opposed to provincial or municipal governments; the ministerraad is the executive body of the Netherlands' government and the rijksministerraad that of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, a similar distinction is found in wetten (laws) versus rijkswetten (kingdom laws), or the now-abolished rijkswacht for gendarmerie in Belgium. The Third Reich was established by Adolf Hitler in 1933. This past king who ruled the First Reich had to wade through a sea of blood to achieve his goal of ruling Europe. Americans refer to the "federal" government. (of XXI. The derived prefix "riks-" (Swedish and Norwegian) and "rigs-" (Danish and pre-1907 Norwegian) implies nationwide or under central jurisdiction. The Reich has its potentialities, its formulas not quite dead; but is a sad imbroglio. The Lord's Prayer uses the word in the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish versions: Tillkomme ditt rike, Komme ditt rike, Komme dit rige ('Thy kingdom come' – old versions). German Reich was the constitutional name for the German nation state that existed from 1871 to 1945. The English noun is obsolete, but persists in composition, for example in bishopric. Even after German reunification in October 1990, the Reichsbahn continued to exist for over three years as the operator of the railroad in eastern Germany, ending finally on 1 January 1994 when the Reichsbahn and the western Deutsche Bundesbahn were merged to form the privatized Deutsche Bahn AG. The word is traditionally used for sovereign entities, generally simply means "country" or "nation" (in the sense of a sovereign state) and does not have any special or political connotations. The First Reich was considered to be the Holy Roman Empire, 962–1806, and the Second Reich the German Empire, 1871–1918, but neither of these terms is part of normal historical terminology. The terms Kaiserreich (literally "realm of an emperor") and Königreich (literally "realm of a king") are used in German to refer to empires and kingdoms respectively. Written at a time when the Weimar Republic was struggling to contain revolutionary forces from both the right and left, Moeller’s treatise espoused … Resistance against the French revolution with its concept of the state brought a new movement to create a German "ethnical state", especially after the Napoleonic wars. Important quote from Thomas L. Johnson's answer: "Reich" primarily means "kingdom", and "Reich" is used for the biblical kingdom of god, as in the Lord's prayer. 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Instances of Lang-sa using second unnamed parameter, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 15:20. of Prussia, Vol. The word rijk can also be found in institutions like Rijkswaterstaat, Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu, and Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. During the Weimar Republic the term Reich and the prefix Reichs- referred not to the idea of empire but rather to the institutions, officials, affairs etc. In colloquial speech Rijk usually means working for the central government rather than the provincial or municipal, much like e.g. We Asked, You Answered. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is FOURTH REICH? Proper noun Das Reich (military, historical) The 2nd SS Division. The Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary indicates that in English usage, the term "the Reich" refers to "Germany during the period of Nazi control from 1933 to 1945".[2]. What does reich mean? In the case of the Hohenzollern Empire (1871–1918), the official name of the country was Deutsches Reich ("German Realm"), because under the Constitution of the German Empire, it was legally a confederation of German states under the permanent presidency of the King of Prussia. The spirit of Charlemagne has returned. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. The German adjective reich, on the other hand, has an exact cognate in English rich. Österreich, the name used for Austria today is composed of "Öster" and "Reich" which literally translated means "Eastern Realm". The EU system has already been called a Trojan horse. According to Richard J. Evans: The continued use of the term 'German Empire', Deutsches Reich, by the Weimar Republic... conjured up an image among educated Germans that resonated far beyond the institutional structures Bismarck created: the successor to the Roman Empire; the vision of God's Empire here on earth; the universality of its claim to suzerainty; and in a more prosaic but no less powerful sense, the concept of a German state that would include all German speakers in central Europe--'one People, one Reich, one Leader', as the Nazi slogan was to put it. There was no emperor, but many Germans had imperialistic ambitions. The opposite word is inrikes/innenriks/indenrigs, meaning domestic. Beginning with the series of 1902, the inscription was changed to Deutsches Reich. Its use as a stand-alone word is more widespread than in contemporary German, but most often it refers to the three Scandinavian states themselves and certain historical empires, like the Roman Empire; the standard word for a "country" is usually land and there are many other words used to refer to countries. Reich definition is - Steve 1936— Stephen Michael Reich American composer. It is used for historical empires in general, such as the Roman Empire (Römisches Reich), Persian Empire (Perserreich), and both the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire (Zarenreich, literally "Tsars’ realm"). Although the term "Third Reich" is still commonly used to refer to the Nazi dictatorship, historians avoid the terms "First Reich" and "Second Reich", which are seldom found outside Nazi propaganda. Mr. Connolly says it is a “cloak for German ambitions” and that “it could be ghastly”! Reich Name Meaning German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for a wealthy or powerful man, from Middle High German rich ‘of noble descent’, ‘powerful’, ‘rich’, German reich ‘rich’. At the beginning of the modern age, some circles redubbed the HRE into the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation), a symptom of the formation of a German nation state as opposed to the multinational state the Empire was throughout its history. Ironically, the term actually had a very different meaning. “Pagan” vs. “Wicca”: What Is The Difference? Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. One example of that: Rudel was a prominent member of the neo-Nazi German Reich Party from 1953 onward. Reich definition: the Holy Roman Empire ( First Reich ) | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The early medieval form of the word, used in the sense "strong", "powerful" or "ruler", appears as an element in many male personal names from the Germanic heroic tradition, such as Richard (strong heart)[10], Dietrich (ruler of the people), Heinrich (ruler of the home)[11], or Friedrich (guardian of the peace). Why Is “Christmas” Abbreviated As “Xmas”? © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins "realm". English words for Reich include kingdom, empire, realm, domain and Reich. Another name that was popular during this period was the term Tausendjähriges Reich ("Thousand-Year Reich"), the millennial connotations of which suggested that Nazi Germany would last for a thousand years. The big question remains unanswered. What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? The Reich Citizenship Law stripped Jews of their German citizenship and introduced a new distinction between "Reich citizens " and "nationals." ), History of Friedrich II. German: from a short form of a personal name containing the Old High German element rihhi ‘power’, ‘might’. Before that, the German question ruptured this "German unity" after the 1848 Revolution before it was achieved, however; Austria-Hungary as a multinational state could not become part of the new "German empire", and nationality conflicts in Prussia with the Prussian Poles arose ("We can never be Germans – Prussians, every time!"). The three major types of the Germania series are illustrated in the graphic below. Reich (/ˈraɪk/;[1] German: [ˈʁaɪç] (listen)) is a German word analogous in meaning to the English word "realm". The Second Reich included the German Empire from 1871-1918. As seen in this example, the term "Bund" (federation) has replaced "Reich" in the names of various state institutions such as the army ("Bundeswehr"). The German noun Reich is derived from Old High German: rÄ«hhi, which together with its cognates in Old English: rÄ«ce, Old Norse: ríki, and Gothic: reiki is from a Common Germanic *rÄ«kijan. In Afrikaans, ryk refers to rulership and area of governance (mostly a kingdom), but in a modern sense the term is used in a much more figurative sense (e.g. Führer (/ ˈ f jʊər ər / FYOOR-ər; German: (), spelled Fuehrer when the umlaut is not available) is a German word meaning "leader" or "guide".As a political title it is associated with the Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler.. Nazi Germany cultivated the Führerprinzip ("leader principle"), and Hitler was generally known as just der Führer ("the Leader").. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. It is also used in words such as utrikes (Swedish), utenriks (Norwegian) and udenrigs (Danish), relating to foreign countries and other things from abroad. Look up the German to English translation of reichen in the PONS online dictionary. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. The term Reich was part of the German names for Germany for much of its history. Reich believed that emotional problems resulted from sexual repression. The term "reich" means "kingdom" or "empire," so Third Reich means Third Kingdom. Ethnic minorities declined since the beginning of the modern age; the Polabs, Sorbs and even the once important Low Germans had to assimilate themselves. He thus appointed Strauss to the post of president of the Reich Chamber of Music in 1933. ). It is probable that the Germanic word was not inherited from pre-Proto-Germanic, but rather loaned from Celtic (i.e. The Nazi mythology was that theirs was the third truly German kingdom that had existed in the world. Find more German words at wordhippo.com! [8] It was Adolf Hitler's personal desire that Großdeutsches Reich and nationalsozialistischer Staat ("[the] National Socialist State") would be used in place of Drittes Reich. Gaulish rÄ«x, Welsh rhi, both meaning 'king') at an early time.[5]. . The German word 'reich' means 'empire,' although it can also be translated as "government." directly into the Nazi state.[9]. The term Volk in the medieval period (Middle High German volc) had the primary meaning of "large crowd, army", while the more general sense of "population" or "people" was expressed by diet (adjective dietsch, deutsch "popular, of the people"). The Fourth Reich suggests that right-wing extremists are on the brink of power, or have already attained it. (historical and pseudohistorical fiction) The Third Reich. 'to straighten out or rule'. Frankenreich came to be used of Western Francia and medieval France after the development of Eastern Francia into the Holy Roman Empire. "Reich" meant something along the lines of "kingdom" or "empire." The word is also used in "Svea rike", with the current spelling Sverige, the name of Sweden in Swedish. Information and translations of reich in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The Nazis sought to legitimize their power historiographically by portraying their ascendancy to rule as the direct continuation of an ancient German past. Lasset die Kindlein zu mir kommen, und wehret ihnen nicht; denn solcher ist das Reich Gottes. The German name of France, Frankreich, is a contraction of Frankenreich used in reference to the kingdom of France from the late medieval period.[6]. Certificates of Reich citizenship were in fact never introduced and all Germans other than Jews were, until 1945, provisionally classed as Reich citizens. The Third Reich followed the first two reichs in German history. See more. A number of previously neutral words used by the Nazis have later taken on negative connotations in German (e.g. See more. It is spelled rike in Swedish and modern Norwegian and rige in Danish and older Norwegian (before the 1907 spelling reform). : "Emperorrealm”) are used in German to more specifically define an empire ruled by an emperor.[4]. The name once referred to the Eastern parts of the Holy Roman Empire. Reich has thus not been used in official terminology since 1945, though it is still found in the name of the Reichstag building, which since 1999 has housed the German federal parliament, the Bundestag. This ignored the previous 1918–1933 Weimar period, which the Nazis denounced as a historical aberration, contemptuously referring to it as "the System". For other uses, see, Possible negative connotations in modern use, Limited usage in the railway system of the German Democratic Republic, Greater Germanic Reich of the German Nation, Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu, Mitteleuropa! See also. It does not imply any particular form of government, but it does imply that the entity is both of a certain size and of a certain standing, like the Scandinavian kingdoms themselves; hence the word might be considered exaggerated for very small states, like a city-state. This name was sometimes used informally for Germany between 1871 and 1918, but it was disliked by the first German Emperor, Wilhelm I, and never became official. The term Deutsches Reich (sometimes translated to "German Empire") continued to be used even after the collapse of the German Empire and abolition of the monarchy in 1918. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Das Reich (English) Origin & history From German Das Reich‎ / Das‎ Reich‎. [citation needed][clarification needed]. The exact translation of the term "German Empire" would be Deutsches Kaiserreich. of Prussia, Vol. Meaning of reich. This marked the transition between Antijudaism, where converted Jews were accepted as full citizens (in theory), to Antisemitism, where Jews were thought to be from a different ethnicity that could never become German. "German-French war"). Historically, the First Reich was the medieval Holy Roman Empire, which lasted until 1806. LÃ¥t ditt rike komma!, La ditt rike komme, Komme dit rige ('Let your kingdom come' – new versions). Information and translations of German Reich in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. What does FOURTH REICH mean? The unified Germany which arose under Chancellor Otto von Bismarck in 1871 was the first entity that was officially called in German Deutsches Reich. Rijk is the Dutch and ryk the Afrikaans and Frisian equivalent of the German word Reich. The word is part of the official names of Denmark, Norway and Sweden in the form of kongerike (Norwegian), kongerige (Danish) and konungarike (Swedish), all meaning kingdom, or literally the "realm of a king" (a kingdom can also be called kongedømme in Danish and Norwegian and kungadöme or konungadöme in Swedish, direct cognates of the English word). French ancien regime for monarchical France) is sometimes used to refer to the Holy Roman Empire. The constitution granted the King of Prussia the title of "German Emperor" (Deutscher Kaiser), but this referred to the German nation rather than directly to the state of Germany.[4]. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Reich is comparable in meaning and development (as well as descending from the same Proto-Indo-European root) to the English word realm (via French reaume "kingdom" from Latin regalis "royal"). It is also present in the names of numerous institutions in all the Scandinavian countries, such as Sveriges Riksbank (commonly known as just Riksbanken), the central bank of Sweden, and Riksrevisionen, the agency responsible for oversight of the state finances in Sweden. This article is about the German word. : deutsche Pläne zur europäischen Neuordnung (1918–1945), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Reich&oldid=995530321, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup and no ISO hint, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2018, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup from April 2020, Articles containing Old High German (ca. The decision not to rename the Reichstag building was taken only after long debate in the Bundestag; even then, it is described officially as Reichstag – Sitz des Bundestages (Reichstag, seat of the Bundestag). 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich on Wikipedia We hope this will help you in … [8] Reichskanzlei Berchtesgaden ("Reich Chancellery Berchtesgaden"), another nickname of the regime (named after the eponymous town located in the vicinity of Hitler's mountain residence where he spent much of his time in office) was also banned at the same time, despite the fact that a sub-section of the Chancellery was in fact installed there to serve Hitler's needs.[8]. The terms "First Reich" and "Second Reich" are not used by historians, whilst the term "Fourth Reich" is used mainly in fiction and for political humour; however, it is also used by those who subscribe to the belief of Neo-Nazism. The Reich became understood as deriving its authority and sovereignty entirely from a continuing unitary German "national people", with that authority and sovereignty being exercised at any one time over a unitary German "state territory"with variable boundaries and extent. In the summer of 1939 the Nazis themselves actually banned the continued use of the term in the press, ordering it to use expressions such as nationalsozialistisches Deutschland ("National Socialist Germany"), Großdeutsches Reich ("Greater German Reich"), or simply Deutsches Reich (German Reich) to refer to the German state instead. Die Hemelse Ryk (the heavenly kingdom, China)), as the sphere under one's control or influence, such as: As in German, the adjective rijk/ryk also means "rich". By portraying their ascendancy to rule as the first Reich was part of the German! 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