Ten tropical cyclones formed in the month of March, including six named tropical cyclones. Not too long after that, Tino formed and affected eastern Fiji and the surrounding area before dissipating. Named Vayu, the system intensified into a high-end very severe cyclonic storm on the Indian scale, equivalent to a minimal Category 3 major hurricane on the SSHWS. [20] Kenneth killed 48 people, of which 41 were killed in the country of Mozambique. [5] Two moderate tropical storms formed at the start of this year, Desmond and Eketsang. Tropical Depression Twenty-One-E concluded the season when it dissipated on November 17. Three systems intensified further into severe tropical cyclones, and three systems made landfall within the region at tropical cyclone intensity. Bad weather from the storm system was projected to affect around 100 million people in South Asia, from India’s distant Andaman Islands to Mount Everest in Nepal. Cyclone Nisarga crossed the coast near Alibag in neighboring Raigad district in … In fact, 8 of the world’s top 10 deadliest tropical cyclones occurred in this region, with the 1970 Bhola Cyclone taking top place with as many as 500,000 dead in Bangladesh. Activity across the southern hemisphere's three basins – South-West Indian, Australian, and South Pacific – was fairly significant, with the regions recording 25 named storms altogether, with the most intense Southern Hemisphere cyclone of the year, Cyclone Ambali from the Southwest Indian Ocean basin peaking at 155 mph (250 km/h) and 930 millibars. In early April, Harold also entered the basin from the Australian region. It had five cyclones in 2019. Deep Depression BOB 03 formed on August 7 before impacting East India and Bangladesh. Flooding happens mainly due to two factors—one is the heavy rain associated with tropical cyclones; the second is the “storm surge,” which is water coming in from the ocean. But despite the frequency of storms in this area, with its high population and low elevation Bangladesh remains extremely vulnerable to … Two medicanes formed in this year, Scott and Trudy (Detlef). However, Typhoon Wutip became the most-intense typhoon recorded in the month of February.[14][15]. A subtropical storm named Jaguar formed in the South Atlantic, marking the second South Atlantic cyclone of the year, the first time two have occurred in the same year since 2016. The month of October as fairly active, with formation of Typhoon Hagibis, made landfall in Tokyo, Japan, becoming the worst typhoon in Japanese history since Ida in 1958. Such extreme weather events in close proximity have once again highlighted the impact climate change has in the region. With the addition of warm water, light winds, and humidity, a thunderstorm can grow in intensity to become a typhoon. June 1 also marked the official commencement of the Atlantic hurricane season. The month of July was the third most active month in terms of total tropical cyclones and in terms of named storms in the year, with thirteen tropical cyclones forming, of which ten were named, behind August. Cyclones are strong spiraling winds characterized by a low pressure and numerous thunderstorms. Tropical cyclones in the basin are abbreviated ARB by the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC) of the basin. The season officially began on 15 November, however, the formation of the first system—Zone of Disturbed Weather 01—occurred on 22 July 2019 (which failed to organize into a tropical depression), well before the official start of the season. Rita would then peak as a Category 3 on the Australian scale. In late February, 2 new tropical lows formed, and were named Esther and Ferdinand. Blake would later make landfall in northwestern Australia and soon degenerate afterwards. Barbara's remnants did eventually reach Hawaii, but little to no damage was reported. April was an inactive month with six cyclones forming, of which four were named. Cyclone Amphan is just the latest reminder that climate change effects and climate-induced migration are clear and present dangers in South Asia. If you click “Agree and Continue” below, you acknowledge that your cookie choices in those tools will be respected and that you otherwise agree to the use of cookies on NPR’s sites. 3 Only systems that formed either before or on December 31, 2019 are counted in the seasonal totals.4 The wind speeds for this tropical cyclone/basin are based on the IMD Scale which uses 3-minute sustained winds. This year, the sea that touches the Indian subcontinent, West Asia and West Africa, has seen formation of Vayu, Hikka, Kyarr and Maha cyclones. 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