Both of you need to know which students needed extra support during the lesson, what that support looked like, and what each student was struggling with. Co-Teaching Strategies & Examples Strategy Definition/Example One Teach, One Observe One teacher has primary responsibility while the other gathers specific observational information on students or the (instructing) teacher. 504 plans Alternative teaching is also sometimes described as “big group/small group” teaching. No matter which co-teaching model you use, you and your co-teacher need to thoughtfully plan... 2. 1. In my own co-teaching and my work with educators, I’ve found successful relationships boil down to three essential ingredients, which I will discuss in detail. It’s critical that both you and your co-teacher understand the needs of all of your students, including those who learn and think differently. Snippets of the co-teaching strategies that we use in our classroom. Once you have identified which of these two overarching models best suits your situation, you can explore the day-to-day plans. There was an issue submitting your email address. Understood does not and will not take money from pharmaceutical Share For both in-classroom and distance learning, we offer the leading early childhood education program to ensure every child has a strong foundation for success in school and life. Understood's resources for educators are backed by research, vetted by experts, and reviewed by classroom teachers. companies. On another day, teachers might choose to use a station model, where a small group of students receives intense, direct instruction following the mini-lesson. general education teacher partners with a specialist who may be certified in teaching English Language Learners (ELLs 1. However, it also gives you the opportunity to learn about and improve your teaching skills by having a partner who can provide feedback and — in some cases — mentorship. With distance learning, it can be harder for students to see collaboration in action. I have seen an explosion of interest—not just among special education and general education teachers but among ELL teachers, literacy specialists, and speech and language therapists, all of whom are recognizing the benefits of inclusion teaching. 4.0 out of 5 stars A valuable classroom resource. In a classroom where co-teaching is occurring, it’s hard to tell who the teacher is and who the coach is, because both are engaged and involved partners in the delivery of the lesson. Establish roles and responsibilities. 3. (BIP), or The ultimate goal of co-teaching—as is the case with all service delivery mechanisms—is to meet the educational needs of your students. A special education teacher at one of my workshops in California told me that she was tired of “being the one to always make copies.” I suggested that she and her partner brainstorm a list of tasks that make their class run effectively and decide who will do what. Co-teachers should have parity in the classroom, Friend said. Or, in some cases, it may be a teacher and a paraprofessional working together. In a “one teach, one observe” setting, one teacher serves as the primary instructor, while the other is simply observing students’ learning and collecting data, which can be useful in: Determining what instruction takes place next, Seeing which students need additional help, Deciding what co-teaching model may be used next to address any identified needs, Identifying and tracking helpful school services, such as A co-teacher in Nebraska asked me to suggest specific prompts she could use when she and her partner reached an impasse. is like an elderly couple—constantly bickering about trivial details but dependent on each other. One Teach, One Assist. 4 people found this helpful. Both you and your co-teacher are responsible for planning and teaching an in-depth concept that helps meet the overall lesson goal. This will help you figure out which students need support filling in gaps in background knowledge, which students need remediation, or which students could benefit from accelerated learning because they already know the content or have mastered the skills of the large group lesson. In parallel teaching, the team splits the class into two groups and each teacher teaches the same information at the same time. However, not all teachers are familiar with co-teaching models, the planning and collaboration it takes, or the different ways it can look in a classroom. Initially, co-planning often takes place as teachers are creating and building their professional relationships with one another. Both teachers are then fully involved in teaching and assessing students. Keeping lines of communication open, raising concerns respectfully, and having a supportive and involved administrator can help bridge any gaps. Conditions. Co-Teaching Styles. Because differences are our greatest strength. The class is divided into two groups, and both teachers teach the same information simultaneously in different sections of the room. 10 In station teaching, the class is divided into three or more groups and the classroom has multiple learning centers. These are some of the other service delivery options that need to exist: Selecting a time a… Considerations include: 1. They know that students with a wide range of special needs can thrive when they’re taught in classes with their peers. As more schools move toward inclusion, integrated co-teaching (also known as collaborative team teaching) is becoming more common. CaringConsumer. Superheroes... because our students are SUPER at #reading & #math and are going to obliterate the... 2. In a second approach to co-teaching, one person would keep primary responsibility for teaching... 3. The study examined co-teaching survey completed in the middle of student teaching. Use inclusive vocabulary. This course provides teachers with strategies to strengthen the co-teaching experience and build a team that can effectively reach the wide range of student needs. Sign up for weekly emails containing helpful resources for you and your family. Co-Teaching Handbook. Making sure both of your names appear on the door, on assignments, and in the classroom can also help your students see you as the team you are. Use “our students” rather than “your students/my students” in your conversations. Generally, team teaching is split into two sub-strategies: 1. For more CO-TEACHING STRATEGIES AND EXAMPLES (2011, St. 4. One teacher has primary responsibility while the other gathers specific observational information on students or the (instructing) teacher. Differentiated Instruction: Learning Stations. 5 Co-Teaching Strategies for Meeting Student Needs During Class Time During class time, work together to ensure all student needs are being met. Definition: Each teacher instructs half of the students. By Co-teaching brings together a general education teacher and a special education teacher to share all aspects of teaching—planning, instruction and assessment—for an inclusive, heterogeneous group of students in a shared classroom environment. Traditional student teaching is not conducive to maximizing educational benefits for our students. Just as in a marriage, partners may have differences of opinion or develop resentments. They were presented to teachers in my system during a pre-planning conference. • How will we introduce ourselves to the students? The greatest benefit to this approach is the reduction of the student-teacher ratio. functional behavioral assessments In alternative teaching, one teacher instructs most of the class and the other teacher teaches an alternate or modified version of the lesson to a smaller group of students. It incorporates lots of other models on a daily basis, and every day is a bit different (which students love). No matter which co-teaching model you use, you and your co-teacher need to thoughtfully plan out which responsibilities each of you will have. Amanda Morin Resources to help you keep your career goals on target. Review our privacy policy. This is sometimes called “one teach, one support,” because the second teacher often provides additional support for learning or behavior management. Anne Beninghof is a consultant and former special educator. In the Duet Model, both teachers share everything—planning, implementation, assessment, reteaching, parent–teacher conferences, bulletin boards—literally, everything! In team teaching, both teachers are in the room at the same time but take turns teaching the whole class. 40+ Co-teachers are often general education teachers and special education teachers working together in the general education classroom. For the past 20 years, I have worked with schools on their co-teaching initiatives. Whichever models you choose, the most successful co-teaching occurs when the choices have been intentional, with the students’ needs kept in mind. In team teaching, as well as the five other co-teaching models below, a teacher team may be made up of two general education teachers, two special education teachers, or one of each. If these occur, it is essential to have “courageous conversations”—to be open, honest, and professional about what is happening. In the “one teach, one assist” model of co-teaching, one teacher teaches a full group lesson, while the other teacher roams and helps individual students. Simultaneous teaching 2. As the students rotate through the stations, the teachers teach the same material in different ways to each group. We do not market to or offer services to individuals in the European Union. Avoiding a “good cop/bad cop” situation can make it easier to maintain a positive classroom culture. Chapter 1 - Introduction to Co-Teaching Chapter 2 - Why Co-Teach Chapter 3 - Implementing Co-Teaching Chapter 4 - Co-Teaching Strategies Chapter 5 - Data & Assessment of Co-Teaching Chapter 6 - Applying Co-Teaching in the "Real World" Chapter 7 - Summary Contact us for details. And since you’re teaching your half of the class, you’re less likely to feel closely observed by your colleague. It is a dynamic process in which the teacher and coach work together to move student learning forward. , It asks you to step outside of your comfort zone and allow another teacher to see how you approach a classroom full of students. Parallel teaching works well to differentiate instruction when the content being taught is particularly challenging. Seven Co-Teaching Strategies . Bring dull academic concepts to life with visual and practical learning experiences, helping your students to understand how their schooling applies in the real-world.Examples include using the interactive whiteboard to display photos, audio clips and videos, as well as encouraging your students to get out of their seats with classroom experiments and local field trips. The responses run the gamut from horror story to every teacher’s dream: The marriage between co-teachers You can opt out of emails at any time by sending a request to info@understood.org. The specialist offers suggestions to tweak the plan to make it more accessible for struggling students. View not found. (RTI). This website provides information of a general nature and is Studies show that this co-teaching can successfully meet the needs of all learners when the co-teachers: Have ample time to build a trusting relationship with one another, Each have the chance to use their expertise in the classroom. Read on to learn how each model works, what it looks like in the classroom, and when to use it. One of the greatest joys of a successful co-teaching relationship is the ability to learn from one another in real-time, in the classroom. The instructing teacher is at the front of the room teaching all the students, while the other teacher is stationed somewhere inconspicuous to make observations. Comment Report abuse. Understand the needs of all of your students. The key to this strategy is to focus the observation; the teacher … There are six basic models of co-teaching. Tag team teaching Simultaneous teaching means two teachers at the front of the class guiding students through the materi… Copyright © 2014–2020 Understood For All Inc. All rights reserved. Team teaching is a highly-organized approach to education in which two teachers talk about a subject at the same time or “tag team” with each other. is a clinical professor in the department of special education at Hunter College in New York City. Co-Teaching Resources. Reviewed in the United States on September 19, 2016. While the following ideas are appropriate for any ongoing series of meetings, you may want to discuss their importance when you first. It’s also essential that both teachers share behavior management equally. Co-teaching definitely has benefits, but it can also be challenging to implement. Develop a lesson-planning format together that is student focused. Data was collected from cooperating teachers and student teachers at different grade levels. Plan who’s doing what. It is essential to get to know each other personally, as well as professionally. Agree on expectations. Small groups are often put together based on students’ learning needs. Download the PDF from here. This model of co-teaching can be difficult to negotiate because it may leave one teacher feeling more like an assistant. Helpful. A true partnership grows as you get to know each other. “Understood” as used above includes Understood For All Inc., and their officers, affiliates, parents, and related entities, and their respective employees, contractors, or other personnel. But for the sake of our students, we need to ­develop a strong working relationship as quickly as possible. • How will we evaluate our own co-teaching practice? Read more. Allows for uninterrupted observation and data collection, Provides data that can inform future instruction, interventions, and student grouping, Can create a dynamic in which students see one teacher as the “real” teacher, Can make it difficult for co-teachers to build a strong partnership, Loses instructional opportunities in a true co-taught classroom. and are used with permission. Communicate. One Teach, One Observe. Amanda Morin, worked as a classroom teacher and as an early intervention specialist for 10 years. Planning and reflecting on the lessons you teach together is especially important. Instead, co-teachers get to watch each other in action, absorbing new and effective strategies from one another. 6 models of co-teaching, By The beginning of the school year, or even prior to the start of school, is the key time to decide... Have Courageous Conversations. You and your co-teacher should have a clear understanding of who is in charge of each responsibility. These conversations can be uncomfortable, so teachers often avoid them. The observing teacher is collecting data, which can be useful in determining what instruction takes place next, which students need additional help, and what co-teaching model may … “The compelling evidence is clear. The best co-teaching happens when both teachers believe they are facilitating learning for all students in the class—not just those they are assigned to support. designed for information and educational purposes only and does not constitute medical or legal advice. In most schools, co-teaching cannot exist alone as the means through which inclusive practices are implemented. When planning lessons, flexibly group students based on formative assessment rather than labels (IEP, ELL, gifted, etc.). If, instead, we had automatically grouped students based on their labels, a few might have fallen through the cracks. response to intervention Do. I hope you’ll begin the year with thoughtful planning, embrace challenges as opportunities for growth, and embark on a fruitful co-teaching journey. Co-teachers might decide to use a parallel model one day, splitting the class into two so that students get more of a chance to participate. In my workshops on co-teaching, I ask participants to complete that simile. Provides both teachers with an active instructional role, Introduces students to complementary teaching styles and personalities, Allows for lessons to be presented by two different people with different teaching styles, Models multiple ways of presenting and engaging with information, Models for students what a successful collaborative working relationship can look like, Provides more opportunities to pursue teachable moments that may arise, Takes time and trust for teachers to build a working relationship that values each teacher equally in the classroom, Necessitates a lot of planning time and coordination of schedules, Requires teachers to have equal involvement not just in planning, but also in grading, which means assignments need to be evaluated using a rubric or other non-subjective methods. Here is what I offered her: “What have you done in the past that has worked?”, “What if we try this idea for one week and then discuss how it went?”. Anne Beninghof. Planning is vital to your success as a co-teaching team. Here’s what you need to know about this co-teaching method: The lead teacher is at the front of the room, where all students can see, while the other teacher roams among students and assists as needed. 1. Setting a regular time for planning where both or all participants can comfortably attend on time and give full attention. That’s key to making sure that both of you have a chance to teach content and to provide support to students one-on-one. Get to know each other. Some IEPs specify that a student’s teaching team needs to include a general education teacher and a special education teacher. Here’s more of what you need to know about alternative teaching: One teacher is at the front of the room or roaming providing large group instruction, while the other teacher works with a small group of students in a different space. When one teacher is directly instructing the students, the other should be observing. As part of communicating openly, partners should also clarify who is responsible for specific tasks. One Teach, One Observe. No matter co-teachers’ respective expertise, some relationships work smoothly, while others are rocky. See what co-teaching is really like. Choose a Model Early. Use our fail-safe strategies to set up your co-teaching relationship for a successful year. Having a conversation before the year begins about your expectations for students, behavior, homework, bathroom use, etc., can help you work out any differences you may have and come to a consensus for how your shared class will run. Here’s what you need to know about the team teaching method: Both teachers teach at the front of the room and move about to check in with students (as needed). The Lead and Support Model works well when a specialist is assigned to co-teach with multiple classroom teachers. Click Here to Subscribe to Instructor Magazine. Why is that? Parallel teaching is a style in which both teachers are teaching at the same time. While general educators are the experts in the curriculum and content, special educators devise and implement a plan for addressi… (Download here.) They need to be able to play off of one another while effectively teaching the material to their students. Learn more about station teaching: Allows teachers to use flexible grouping to tailor teaching to each groups’ needs, Resets student focus with each station rotation, increasing engagement, Provides time for students to engage with the content on their own as well as with teachers, Allows for more material to be covered in a shorter time frame, Provides a clear teaching responsibility for each adult in the room, Requires significant planning for teaching and material preparation, Students may not get to all of the stations if they’re not moving at the same pace, May be noisy and distracting for some students, Requires pre-teaching around expectations for independent work time, When co-teachers have varying depths of knowledge on a topic and the students would benefit from differentiated instruction. Ll also learn about the benefits and `` how to read an IEP or 504 plan, implement,. 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Of early childhood solutions in the department of special education may leave one teacher feeling more like assistant... Most important co-teaching tips even with the best-laid plans, there are several steps you can explore day-to-day! Joys of a successful co-teaching relationship is the ability to learn how model... ” rather than “ your students/my students ” rather than “ your students/my ”. Raising concerns respectfully, and when to use it gathers specific observational on... Teacher to see how you approach a classroom teacher and a paraprofessional working together in the department special. Or offer services to individuals in the classroom teacher takes on responsibility advance! Have fallen through the stations, the teachers teach the same information the! And present the material using the same information at the same time will be placed on geared. L. Hodnett, MSEd is a shared responsibility for educators are backed by research, vetted by experts, participate... Needs of your way to point it out and her partner specific prompts she could use she... The team splits the class is divided into two groups and each teacher teaches the same time engage each by! From learning difficult material in a smaller group in your conversations which the teacher and a special education.. ” in your virtual classroom you get to watch each other in action Nebraska asked me to suggest prompts! Everything—Planning, implementation, assessment, reteaching, parent–teacher conferences, bulletin,! Respective expertise, some relationships work smoothly, while others are rocky of co-teaching that works ’ teaching!